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VeröffentlichungsnummerCN103394156 A
PublikationstypAnmeldung
AnmeldenummerCN 201310355716
Veröffentlichungsdatum20. Nov. 2013
Eingetragen16. Aug. 2013
Prioritätsdatum16. Aug. 2013
Auch veröffentlicht unterCN103394156B
Veröffentlichungsnummer201310355716.9, CN 103394156 A, CN 103394156A, CN 201310355716, CN-A-103394156, CN103394156 A, CN103394156A, CN201310355716, CN201310355716.9
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Carbon dioxide gasbag skin expander
CN 103394156 A
Zusammenfassung
The invention discloses a carbon dioxide gasbag skin expander. After a guide pin is embedded under the skin through operation, a guide tube is led outside the skin via a subcutaneous passage; after air in an expansion bag is replaced with carbon dioxide, the air expansion bag is connected to a carbon dioxide bottle via a connection pipeline and an automatic pressure regulating valve, and the automatic pressure regulating valve is set to be opened and closed at required pressure; the automatic pressure regulating valve is opened under the action of a spring when the pressure of the expansion bag decreases, and is closed under the action of an air cylinder when the pressure of the expansion bag increases; the loss of the expansion bag due to carbon dioxide dispersion is automatically compensated via the pressure regulating valve, and constant gas pressure can be kept to expand the expansion bag and further push the skin and the subcutaneous tissues outwards, so that growth and expansion of the skin and the subcutaneous tissues are facilitated.
Ansprüche(4)  übersetzt aus folgender Sprache: Chinesisch
1.二氧化碳气囊皮肤扩张器,其特征在于:它由扩张器(I)、连接管路(2)、自动调压阀(3)、三通接口(4)、瓶压表(5)与二氧化碳储气瓶(6)构成;其扩张器(I)的扩张囊(1.1)和部分导气管(1.2)植入待扩张区域皮肤皮下,导气管(1.2)的一端自皮下隧道引出皮夕卜,穿过楔形卡(2.2)与接头(2.1)插接,受楔形卡(2.2)与螺帽(2.3)旋接加固,扩张囊(1.1)、导气管(1.2)、连接管路⑵与自动调压阀(3)的气缸(3.1.4)、上盖(3.1)的侧孔(3.1.3)形成闭合回路,并经气压表(2.7)显示回路气压;当回路及气缸(3.1.4)气压低于设定值,受弹簧(3.4)推动,侧孔(3.2.2)和(3.3.2)与上盖(3.1)的侧孔(3.1.3)对齐,储气瓶(6)的二氧化碳气体注入连接管路(2)与扩张器(I)内,随气缸(3.1.4)气压升高,产生的推力超过弹簧(3.4)的弹力,推动活塞(3.2.3)向弹簧方向移位,侧孔(3.2.2)与(3.3.2)相对于上盖(3.1)的侧孔(3.1.3)发生错位,储气瓶(6)的气体回路与扩张器(I)连接管路(2)的回路中断,储气瓶(6)停止向扩张器(I)内注气;如此往复,实现扩张器(I)内压的自动补偿与恒定;旋转上盖(3.1)与下盖(3.5)之间的螺母(3.1.7)与(3.5.1),调节弹簧(3.4)的压缩度,即调节推动活塞所需的气压,亦即扩张器(I)内的气压。 1. CO balloon dilator skin, wherein: it consists of dilator (I), connecting line (2), automatic pressure regulating valve (3), three interfaces (4), bottle pressure gauge (5) and carbon dioxide cylinder (6) form; its dilator (I) of the expander (1.1) and partial airway (1.2) to be implanted in the expansion areas of the skin, subcutaneous, end duct (1.2) from the subcutaneous tunnel leads to skin Xi Bu, through the wedge-shaped cards (2.2) and linker (2.1) plug by wedge cards (2.2) and nut (2.3) screwing reinforcement, the expander (1.1), windpipe (1.2), connecting pipe ⑵ automatic adjustment Cylinder pressure valve (3) (3.1.4), the cover (3.1) of the side of the hole (3.1.3) to form a closed loop, and by the pressure gauge (2.7) show circuit pressure; when the loop and cylinder (3.1.4) pressure below the set value, by a spring (3.4) driven side hole (3.2.2) and (3.3.2) and the cover (3.1) of the side of the hole (3.1.3) aligned cylinder (6) Carbon dioxide gas is injected into the connecting pipe (2) and dilator (I) inside, with the cylinder (3.1.4) increase in air pressure, the thrust produced exceeds the spring (3.4) of the stretch, push the piston (3.2.3) shift to spring direction bit, side holes (3.2.2) and (3.3.2) with respect to the upper cover (3.1) of the side of the hole (3.1.3) displacement occurs, the cylinder (6) and a gas circuit dilator (I) connecting pipe Road (2) of the loop is interrupted, the cylinder (6) to stop the dilator (I) in the gas injection; and so forth, to achieve dilator (I) within the constant pressure automatic compensation; rotating the cover (3.1) and lower Compression of the nut cover (3.5) between (3.1.7) and (3.5.1), adjusting spring (3.4), that is required to adjust the air pressure to push the piston, that pressure dilator (I) inside.
2.—种权利要求1所述二氧化碳气囊皮肤扩张器,其特征在于:扩张器(I)分为扩张囊(1.D与导气管(1.2)两部分,导气管(1.2)为一侧末端开放的管状结构。 The dilator 1 CO balloon skin 2.- kinds claim, wherein: the stent (I) into the expander (1.D the duct (1.2) in two parts, the guide tube (1.2) for the end side open tubular structure.
3.—种权利要求1所述二氧化碳气囊皮肤扩张器,其特征在于:连接管路(2)包括带螺帽(2.3)的接头(2.1)、楔形卡(2.2)、滤菌器(2.3)、阀门开关(2.4)、、三通(2.6)、气压表(2.7)、气缸插管(2.8)与侧孔插管(2.9) ο 1. Carbon dioxide balloon dilator skin 3.- kinds of claims, characterized in that: the connecting pipe (2) comprises a connector with a screw cap (2.3) of (2.1), wedge-shaped card (2.2), the bacteria filter (2.3) valve switch (2.4) ,, tee (2.6), barometer (2.7), the cylinder tube (2.8) and the side hole catheter (2.9) ο
4.一种权利要求1所述二氧化碳气囊皮肤扩张器,其特征在于:自动调压阀(3),由上盖(3.1)、橡胶密封活塞(3. 2)、内芯(3.3)、弹簧(3.4)与下盖(3.5)组成,组装时将橡胶密封活塞(3.2)的管套(3.2.1)套于内芯(3.3)的盲管(3.3.1)上,侧孔(3.2.2)与侧孔(3.3.2)对齐,活塞套(3.2.3)套于活塞内芯(3.3.3),并由卡口(3.2.4)固定,内芯(3.3)的导轨(3.3.4)卡入上盖(3.1)的导轨(3.1.6),安装弹簧(3.4),将下盖(3.5)的内螺母(3.5.1)与上盖(3.3)的外螺母(3.1.7)旋接。 1. Carbon dioxide balloon skin dilator 4. A claim, wherein: the automatic pressure regulating valve (3) from the cover (3.1), rubber seal piston (3.2), the core (3.3), spring (3.4) under the cover (3.5) and composition, when assembling the rubber seal (3.2) of the tube sleeve piston (3.2.1) sets the inner core (3.3) of the blind tube (3.3.1), the lateral hole (3.2. 2) and the side hole (3.3.2) is aligned, the piston sleeve (3.2.3) set in the piston core (3.3.3), by bayonet (3.2.4) is fixed, the inner core (3.3) of the guide rail (3.3 .4) snaps into the cover (3.1) of the rail (3.1.6), install the spring (3.4) and the lower cover (3.5) nut (3.5.1) and the cover (3.3) of the outer nut (3.1. 7) screwing.
Beschreibung  übersetzt aus folgender Sprache: Chinesisch

二氧化碳气囊皮肤扩张器 Carbon dioxide balloon dilator skin

[0001] 本发明系一种皮肤扩张医疗器械,尤其是通过恒压二氧化碳气囊植入皮下进行皮肤扩张的医疗器械。 [0001] The present invention is a skin expansion of medical equipment, especially the skin subcutaneously implanted medical device through constant expansion of carbon dioxide airbags.

[0002] 当皮肤因外伤或肿瘤、色素痣切除手术后缺损时,将邻近的正常皮肤通过扩张修补缺损,会收到满意的效果。 [0002] When the skin due to trauma or tumor resection defects after nevi when the adjacent normal skin repair defects through the expansion, will receive satisfactory results. 目前公知的皮肤扩张方法通过手术于皮下埋置硅胶扩张水囊与注射壶,等待切口愈合(约需2周时间)后,通过注水增大囊的体积,挤压皮肤向外凸出,皮肤表面积增加,在长期作用(1-2月)后形成多余皮肤。 Currently known tissue expansion method surgically embedded in the skin and inject silicone bladders expand pot, wait wound healing (about two weeks time), by increasing the volume of water bladder, outwardly projecting squeeze the skin, the skin surface area increase in the long-term role in the formation of excess skin (January-February) after. 缺点是在埋置水囊与注射壶后需要通过皮肤反复穿刺注水扩张,注射部位因此可能出现出现感染、血肿、皮肤裂开扩张球囊外露并发症,病人痛苦较大。 The disadvantage is embedded in the injection port bladders and repeated puncture injection through the skin dilate, which may occur at the injection site infection, hematoma, dilatation balloon exposed skin breakdown complications, patient suffering greatly. 负压吸引皮肤扩张器等外扩张器固然无需手术,但无法用于腋窝、指缝等凹陷部位,也不适于局部皮肤组织很紧的头皮等部位,本人在2007年申报的《水囊密封二氧化碳气囊皮肤扩张器》(申请号200710143819.3)中,提出用二氧化碳气囊进行扩张,并以水囊对气囊进行密封,在实施中发现二氧化碳会通过现有制造材料缓慢弥散而导致气囊压力下降,尽管二氧化碳弥散入组织有利于组织生长与愈合,但扩张囊压力的下降则会使扩张失效。 Suction substandard skin dilator dilator course without surgery, but can not be used armpits, fingers and other parts of the recess, is not suitable for local dermal tissue of the scalp and other parts very tight, "he declares bladders seal carbon dioxide in 2007 Skin balloon dilator "in the (Application No. 200710143819.3), made balloon dilatation performed using carbon dioxide, and water bladders to seal the balloon was found in the implementation of the carbon dioxide will slowly diffuse through existing manufacturing materials and lead balloon pressure drop, although carbon dioxide dispersion the organization is conducive to tissue growth and healing, but expander pressure drop will make the expansion of the failure.

[0003] 本发明的目的是提供一种皮肤扩张医疗器械。 [0003] The object of the present invention is to provide a skin expansion medical devices. 通过自动维持植入皮下的二氧化碳气囊于恒定压力,进行皮肤扩张。 By automatically maintaining the balloon implanted under the skin of carbon dioxide at a constant pressure, a skin expansion.

[0004] 本发明的目的是这样实现的:一种二氧化碳气体扩张囊,通过手术埋置导针置皮下后,将导管自皮下隧道引出皮外,将扩张囊内空气置换为二氧化碳气体后,通过连接管路、自动调压阀接二氧化碳气瓶,设定自动调压阀门于所需压力开闭,通过阀门自动补偿扩张囊因二氧化碳气体弥散损失,保持恒定气体压力使扩张囊扩张,并进而向外推挤皮肤及皮下组织,皮肤受向外凸出的作用力持续的牵拉,皮肤的细胞及组织受刺激增生,形成超过扩张前面积的多余皮肤,再用于修复其他因色素痣等手术缺损的创面。 [0004] The object of the present invention is implemented as follows: one carbon dioxide gas expander, after surgically embedded guide pin set subcutaneous catheter subcutaneous tunnel leads from the outer skin, the expansion of the air is replaced with carbon dioxide gas capsule after, by connecting pipe, automatic regulator then CO2 cylinders, set the automatic pressure regulating valve opening and closing the door to the desired pressure, compensate the expansion of the capsule due to the loss of carbon dioxide gas diffusion through the valve automatically maintain a constant gas pressure dilatation balloon dilation, and thus to Skin and subcutaneous tissue outside push, skin that is outwardly projecting continued pulling force, the skin cells and tissues by stimulating proliferation, the formation of the excess over the expansion of the front area of the skin, then used to repair other factors, such as surgery nevi defect wound. 此外,采用该方法使待扩张的皮肤形成局部凸起,便于负压吸引式皮肤扩张器吸头的附着,两者合用达到更好的扩张效果。 In addition, this method enables the skin to be expanded to form a local projection, easy to suction-type skin dilator tip attached, the two combined to achieve better expansion effect.

[0005] 由于采用上述方案,采用该扩张器在植入后立即开始扩张,无需通过皮肤反复穿刺注水扩张,缩短扩张时间,使用也比较简便。 [0005] As a result of the above scheme, the use of the stent after implantation immediately began to expand without having to repeatedly puncture injection through the skin dilate, shorten the expansion time, using relatively simple.

[0006] 下面结合附图和实施例对本发明进一步说明。 [0006] The accompanying drawings and the following examples further illustrate the present invention.

[0007] 图1、2为二氧化碳气囊皮肤扩张器构件及连接示意图。 [0007] FIG. 1 is carbon dioxide balloon skin expander member and connection diagram.

[0008] 图3为二氧化碳气囊皮肤扩张器自动调压阀结构示意图。 [0008] FIG. 3 is carbon dioxide balloon dilator automatic regulator skin structure diagram.

[0009] 图1、2、4为二氧化碳气囊皮肤扩张器实施例工作原理示意图。 [0009] FIG 1,2,4 Schematic diagram of the implementation example carbon dioxide balloon dilator skin.

[0010] 图中I扩张器1.1扩张囊1.2导气管2连接管路2.1接头2.2楔形卡2.3螺帽 [0010] FIG. I dilation balloon dilator 1.1 2 1.2 airway connecting pipe fittings 2.2 2.1 2.3 Nut wedge Cards

2.4滤菌器2.5阀门2.6三通2.7气压表2.8气缸插管2.9侧孔插管3自动调压阀3.1上盖3.1.1端孔3.1.2管腔3.1.3侧孔3.1.4气缸3.1.5气缸孔3.1.6导轨3.1.7外螺母3.2橡胶密封活塞3.2.1管套3.2.2侧孔3.2.3活塞套3.2.4卡口3.3内芯3.3.1盲管3.3.2侧孔3.3.3活塞内芯3.3.4导轨3.3.5管腔3.4弹簧3.5下盖3.5.1螺母3.5.2中央孔4三通接口5瓶压表6 二氧化碳储气瓶。 Bacteria filter valve 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.8 cylinder tube barometer tee 2.7 2.9 lateral hole cover insert 3 automatic regulator 3.1 3.1.1 3.1.3 luminal side end of the bore hole 3.1.4 3.1.2 3.1 cylinder. 5 cylinder bore rail 3.1.6 3.1.7 3.2.1 outer nut 3.2 rubber seal bore piston side of the shroud 3.2.2 3.2.4 3.2.3 bayonet sleeve piston core 3.3 3.3.1 3.3.2 blind tube side of the hole 3.3 .3 piston core cap nut 3.5.1 3.5.2 central hole 4-way connector 5 bottles of carbon dioxide gas cylinder pressure gauge 6 rail under 3.3.4 3.3.5 3.4 lumen spring 3.5.

[0011] 图1、2所示,二氧化碳气囊皮肤扩张器由扩张器(I)经连接管路(2)连接自动调压阀(3),后者经三通接口(4)接瓶压表(5)与二氧化碳储气瓶(6)。 [0011] FIG. 1 and 2, the carbon dioxide from the tissue expander balloon dilator (I) through a connecting pipe (2) connected to the automatic pressure regulating valve (3), the latter through the three-way connector (4) then bottle pressure gauge (5) the carbon dioxide cylinder (6).

[0012] 图1、2所示扩张器(I)分为扩张囊(1.1)与导气管(1.2)两部分,由组织相容性好的硅胶材料制成,扩张囊腔(1.12)与导气管腔(1.22)相通,导气管(1.2)为一侧末端开放的管状结构。 [0012] shown in FIG. 2 dilator (I) into the expander (1.1) and the duct (1.2) in two parts, made of histocompatibility good silicone material, the expansion of cysts (1.12) and the guide tracheal lumen (1.22) communicates, windpipe (1.2) for the end of the tubular structure open on one side.

[0013] 图1、2所示,连接管路⑵包括带螺帽(2.3)的接头(2.1),与楔形卡(2.2)配合使用,管路上设置滤菌器(2.3)、阀门开关(2.4)、经三通(2.6)接气压表(2.7),气缸插管(2.8)与气缸孔(3.1.5)插接,侧孔插管(2.9)与调压阀(3)的侧孔(3.1.3)插接。 [0013] FIG. 1 and 2, connecting pipes including fittings with ⑵ nut (2.3) of (2.1), with a wedge-shaped card (2.2) with the use of the pipeline to set the bacteria filter (2.3), the valve switch (2.4 ), the tee (2.6) then gauge (2.7), the cylinder tube (2.8) and cylinder bore (3.1.5) plug, the side hole catheter (2.9) and regulator (3) of the side of the hole ( 3.1.3) insertion.

[0014] 图3所示,自动调压阀(3),由上盖(3.1)、橡胶密封活塞(3.2)、内芯(3.3)、弹簧(3.4)与下盖(3.5)组装而成,组装时将橡胶密封活塞(3.2)的管套(3.2.1)套于内芯(3.3)的盲管(3.3.1)上,侧孔(3.2.2)与侧孔(3.3.2)对齐,活塞套(3.2.3)套于活塞内芯(3.3.3),并由卡口(3.2.4)固定,内芯(3.3)的导轨(3.3.4)卡入上盖(3.1)的导轨(3.1.6),安装弹簧(3.4),将下盖(3.5)的内螺母(3.5.1)与上盖(3.3)的外螺母(3.1.7)旋接。 [0014] FIG. 3, the automatic pressure regulating valve (3), the cover (3.1), the rubber seal of the piston (3.2), the core (3.3), the spring (3.4) and the lower cover (3.5) assembled, When assembling the rubber seal of the piston (3.2) of the sleeves (3.2.1) sets the inner core (3.3) of the blind tube (3.3.1), the lateral hole (3.2.2) with a side hole (3.3.2) Align , the piston sleeve (3.2.3) set in the piston core (3.3.3), by bayonet (3.2.4) is fixed, the inner core (3.3) of the rail (3.3.4) snaps into the cover (3.1) of rail (3.1.6), install the spring (3.4) and the lower cover (3.5) nut (3.5.1) and the cover (3.3) of the outer nut (3.1.7) screwing.

[0015] 图1、2、4所示,二氧化碳气囊皮肤扩张器实施例:将扩张器(I)的扩张囊(1.1)和导气管(1.2)的前部分沿植入待扩张区域皮肤的皮下后,导气管(1.2)的一端自皮下隧道引出皮外,穿过楔形卡(2.2)与接头(2.1)插接,楔形卡(2.2)与螺帽(2.3)旋接加固导气管(1.2)与连接管路(2)的连接,此时,扩张囊(1.1)、导气管(1.2)经连接管路(2)与自动调压阀(3)的气缸(3.1.4)、上盖(3.1)的侧孔(3.1.3)形成闭合回路,并经气压表(2.7)显示回路气压;当回路及气缸(3.1.4)气压低于设定值时,在弹簧(3.4)的推动下,侧孔(3.2.2)和(3.3.2)与上盖(3.1)的侧孔(3.1.3)对齐,储气瓶(6)的二氧化碳气体注入连接管路(2)与扩张器(I)内,随着扩张囊(1.2)、连接管路(2)与气缸(3.1.4)气压升高,当气缸内压产生的推力超过弹簧(3.4)的弹力时,便推动活塞(3.2.3)向弹簧方向移位,侧孔(3.2.2)与(3.3.2)相对于上盖(3.1)的侧孔(3.1.3)发生错位,储气瓶(6)的气体回路与扩张器(I)连接管路(2)的回路中断,储气瓶(6)停止向扩张器(I)内注气,如此往复,即可实现扩张器(I)内压的自动补偿与恒定,通过旋转上盖(3.1)与下盖(3.5)之间的螺母(3.1.7)与(3.5.1),调节弹簧(3.4)的压缩度,调节推动活塞所需的气压,亦即扩张器(I)内的气压;储气瓶¢)内的气压往往超过扩张器(I)内压10倍以上,从而实现整个供气系统的小型与微型化,便于随身携带。 [0015] FIG 1,2,4, the carbon dioxide balloon dilator skin Example: The dilator (I) of the expander (1.1) and the duct (1.2) along the front portion of the expansion areas of the skin to be implanted subcutaneously after the end of the duct (1.2) in the subcutaneous tunnel leads from the outer skin through the wedge-shaped cards (2.2) and linker (2.1) plug, the wedge card (2.2) and nut (2.3) screwing reinforcement duct (1.2) and the connecting pipe (2) is connected, this time, the expander (1.1), windpipe (1.2) through a connecting pipe (2) and automatic pressure regulating valve (3) of the cylinder (3.1.4), the cover ( 3.1) of the side of the hole (3.1.3) to form a closed loop, and by the pressure gauge (2.7) show circuit pressure; when the loop and cylinder (3.1.4) the pressure below the set value, in the spring (3.4) to promote , side holes (3.2.2) and (3.3.2) and the cover (3.1) of the side of the hole (3.1.3) aligned cylinder (6) is connected to a carbon dioxide gas injection line (2) and the dilator ( I) inside, with the expansion of the capsule (1.2), connecting line (2) and the cylinder (3.1.4) increase in air pressure, when the thrust generated by the cylinder pressure exceeds the spring (3.4) of the stretch, then push the piston (3.2 .3) to the direction of displacement of the spring, side holes (3.2.2) and (3.3.2) with respect to the upper cover (3.1) of the side of the hole (3.1.3) displacement occurs, the cylinder (6) of the gas circuit and dilator (I) connecting line (2) of the loop is interrupted, the cylinder (6) to stop the dilator (I) in the gas injection, and so forth, you can achieve dilator (I) and the internal pressure of the automatic compensation constant degree of compression nut by rotating the cover (3.1) and lower cover (3.5) between (3.1.7) and (3.5.1), adjusting spring (3.4) and adjust the pressure required to push the piston, namely expansion Pressure device (I) therein; pneumatic cylinder ¢) within the often exceeds dilator (I) more than 10 times the internal pressure in order to achieve compact and miniaturization of the entire gas supply system, easy to carry.

Patentzitate
Zitiertes PatentEingetragen Veröffentlichungsdatum Antragsteller Titel
CN1403171A *16. Okt. 200219. März 2003张建军Self-supporting or automatic skin soft tissue dilator
CN101239219A *2. Aug. 200713. Aug. 2008姜家玉Water sac sealing carbon dioxide air bag skin dilator
EP0391011A1 *6. Apr. 198910. Okt. 1990Effner GmbHSkin expander
US4685447 *25. März 198511. Aug. 1987Pmt CorporationTissue expander system
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Klassifizierungen
Internationale KlassifikationA61M29/02
Juristische Ereignisse
DatumCodeEreignisBeschreibung
20. Nov. 2013C06Publication
18. Dez. 2013C10Entry into substantive examination
29. Apr. 2015C41Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
29. Apr. 2015C53Correction of patent for invention or patent application
29. Apr. 2015CORChange of bibliographic data
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Owner name: THE 4TH MILITARY SURGEON UNIV. P. L. A.
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Effective date: 20150408
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