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VeröffentlichungsnummerCN103829990 B
PublikationstypErteilung
AnmeldenummerCN 201210485033
Veröffentlichungsdatum21. Dez. 2016
Eingetragen23. Nov. 2012
Prioritätsdatum23. Nov. 2012
Auch veröffentlicht unterCN103829990A
Veröffentlichungsnummer201210485033.0, CN 103829990 B, CN 103829990B, CN 201210485033, CN-B-103829990, CN103829990 B, CN103829990B, CN201210485033, CN201210485033.0
Erfinder潘博, 郄淑燕, 蒋海越, 赵延勇
Antragsteller中国医学科学院整形外科医院
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负压式皮肤外扩张器 Outer negative pressure tissue expander übersetzt aus folgender Sprache: Chinesisch
CN 103829990 B
Zusammenfassung  übersetzt aus folgender Sprache: Chinesisch
本发明涉及一种皮肤扩张器。 The present invention relates to a tissue expander. 本发明公开了一种负压式皮肤外扩张器,包括气垫式负压罩、直角转换管、连接管、负压产生装置,所述直角转换管的一端连接在气垫式负压罩的顶部,直角转换管的另一端与所述连接管连接,所述连接管与负压产生装置连接。 The present invention discloses a negative pressure type outer skin dilator, including a negative pressure air cushion cover, right angle converter tube, pipe, negative pressure generating means, said one end of the tube at right angles to the conversion of negative pressure connected to the top air cushion cover, the other end of the tube at right angles to convert the connecting pipe connected to the pipe connecting the negative pressure generating means is connected. 本发明能够充分贴合人体不同曲面的部位,也能贴合毛发较多的部位,能形成密闭局部空间,本发明操作简单,便于调节,能消除病人恐惧心理,解决病人就医难的问题,提高了工作效率。 The present invention can be sufficiently bonded surfaces of different parts of the body, the hair can fit more parts can be formed locally confined space, the present invention is simple to operate, easy to adjust, can eliminate the fear of the patient, the patient solve difficult medical problems and improve work efficiency.
Ansprüche(2)  übersetzt aus folgender Sprache: Chinesisch
1.一种负压式皮肤外扩张器,其特征在于:包括气垫式负压罩、直角转换管、连接管、负压产生装置,所述直角转换管的一端连接在气垫式负压罩的顶部,直角转换管的另一端与所述连接管连接,所述连接管与负压产生装置连接;所述气垫式负压罩包括罩体、气囊、气门,所述气囊连接在罩体底部的边缘上,气门固定在罩体上,且气门与气囊连通;负压产生装置能够持续产生负压,负压能调节,通过气垫式负压罩的控制面板能够清晰显示中心负压吸引,适于医院就诊的患者使用,负压产生装置由电机、叶轮、电机控制电路、外壳组成;所述罩体为圆台形,所述罩体采用透明材料;所述气囊横截面为管状,所述气囊采用医用硅胶;所述气门包括气道、气道盖、弹簧,所述气道盖与气道连接,弹簧顶在气道盖上。 A vacuum-type outer skin dilator comprising: a negative pressure air cover, right angle converter tube, pipe, negative pressure generating means, said one end of the tube is connected at right angles to convert the negative pressure in the air cushion cover top, at right angles to the other end of the tube converter tube is connected to the connection, the connection pipe connected to the negative pressure generating means; said negative pressure air cushion cover comprising a cover body, balloon valve, the balloon is connected at the bottom of the cover body upper edge, the valve body is fixed to the cover, and a valve in communication with the balloon; negative pressure generating means capable of continuously generating a negative pressure, the negative pressure can be adjusted by the negative pressure of air cushion hood control panel can display clear central suction, adapted hospital patient use, negative pressure generating means by the motor, the impeller, the motor control circuit, consisting of the housing; the truncated cone-shaped cover body, the cover body is made of transparent material; tubular cross section of the airbag, the airbag using medical silica gel; the valve including airway, airway cover spring, cover the airway and airway connections, spring airway top cover.
2.如权利要求1所述的一种负压式皮肤外扩张器,其特征在于:所述直角转换管顶部设有通孔,该通孔上设有顶盖。 2. An expansion of the outer skin of a negative pressure device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the right angle converter tube top with a through hole, the through hole is provided on the cover.
Beschreibung  übersetzt aus folgender Sprache: Chinesisch
负压式皮肤外扩张器 Outer negative pressure tissue expander

技术领域 TECHNICAL FIELD

[0001]本发明涉及一种皮肤扩张器,具体涉及一种负压式皮肤外扩张器。 [0001] The present invention relates to a skin dilator, in particular to an under pressure type outer skin dilator.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]组织扩张术是利用组织扩张器的扩张作用获得额外皮肤软组织进行皮肤缺损修复和器官再造的一种外科方法。 [0002] Tissue expansion is the use of tissue expanders to expand the role of the additional skin and soft tissue defects of skin and organ reconstruction of a surgical method. 组织扩张术是近20年来整形外科领域的一项革命性成果,在瘢痕、体表肿物等治疗中用最为广泛,解决了临床上许多疑难问题,取代了一些皮肤移植术和皮瓣移植术。 Tissue expansion is nearly 20 years in the field of plastic surgery a revolutionary outcome, scarring, surface tumor therapy in the most widely used to solve many difficult problems in clinical, replacing some skin grafting and skin flap . 皮肤扩张术的应用不仅提高了整形外科的治疗质量,而且减轻了手术损伤。 Tissue expansion applications not only improve the quality of orthopedic treatment, and reduce the surgical trauma.

[0003]扩张可增加皮肤面积,这一部分额外获得的皮肤软组织有三个来源:①扩张刺激诱导的组织生长,皮肤的生长在扩张过程中和扩张皮瓣转移后都存在。 [0003] expansion increases the skin area, this part of the extra skin and soft tissue obtained from three sources: ① expansion induced tissue growth stimulation, skin growth and expansion in the expansion process there after the flap. 扩张中的细胞增殖和细胞间质物质的合成有助于皮肤面积的扩展;扩张皮瓣转移后又有助于皮肤厚度的恢复。 Expansion between cell proliferation and cell quality synthetic material help expand the area of the skin; flap after expansion helps restore skin thickness. ②蠕变效应,此效应是生物性组织在力的作用下面积发生扩展或长度增加,而力的作用解除后生物性组织的面积或长度不能完全复原的特性。 ② creep effect, this effect is a biological tissue or to increase the length of the extension area change under the action of force, and the force is released after the area or length of the biological tissue characteristics not fully recover. 而不能复原的那一部分面积或长度即是组织的面积或长度增加量。 But can not recover that part of the area or length is the length of the area or increase the amount of tissue. 由组织蠕变效应产生的皮肤面积增长是扩张区皮肤面积增长总量中的一部分,但最终要在扩张组织移植后被组织细胞的真正生长所取代。 Skin area increase by the Organization of creep effect in the total skin area is part of the growth in the expansion area, but the real growth is ultimately the expansion of tissue cells in tissue transplantation after being substituted. ③皮肤软组织移位,是机体皮肤受力向力源方向移动的特性,它构成扩张区皮肤的外围部分,也是扩张区面积增长的一个组成部分。 ③ skin and soft tissue displacement, the skin is the body's source of stress to the direction of movement characteristics, which forms part of the expansion of the peripheral area of the skin, but also the expansion area of growth is an integral part. 这部分皮肤软组织的获取在皮瓣转移时要部分回复到原来部位,另一部分最终也要在扩张组织移植后被组织细胞的真正生长所取代。 Get this part of the skin and soft tissue at the time of flap portion to return to its original position, but also in another part of the final expansion of the real growth of the explanted tissue after tissue cells are replaced.

[0004]经典的扩张术是内扩张,其基本步骤包括:扩张区和扩张器的选择、扩张器埋置术、术中注水扩张和术后定期注水扩张等。 [0004] The classic dilatation within the expansion, the basic steps include: expansion zone and dilator choice dilator buried preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative periodic water injection expansion dilation. 由于涉及技术步骤多,治疗周期长,很容易出现问题。 As it involves technical steps, long treatment period, it is prone to problems. 血肿、感染、扩张器外露和扩张后皮瓣血运障碍是皮肤软组织扩张术最常见的并发症,发生率约在10%左右。 Hematoma, infection, and the expansion of the stent exposed flap blood supply is the most common disorder of skin and soft tissue expansion complication rate of about 10%. 由于扩张器的置入通常需要住院治疗,注水也需要一个长期的过程,导致费用相对较高。 Due to the expansion of the placement usually requires hospitalization, water also needs a long-term process, leading to the relatively high cost. 另外,由于进行注水需要针头进行治疗,对于一些儿童患者具有非常大的恐惧心理。 In addition, as a result of injection needles require treatment for some patients with very large children's fears.

[0005]皮肤外扩张器主要是针对以上的缺点设计的,主要通过所制装备,在皮肤外持续牵引皮肤绀织,随着牵引重量的增加和的推移,使得病变(如:瘢痕)周围的皮肤逐渐延伸,提供“额外”的皮肤组织供修复之用。 [0005] external tissue expander is mainly designed for the above shortcomings, mainly through the system equipment, continuous traction on the outer skin purple skin texture, and weight gain traction with the passage of time, such lesions (such as: scar) around skin gradually extended to provide "extra" skin tissue for repair purposes. 传统皮肤外扩张装置由外扩张器及牵引架组成。 Traditional skin external expansion device consists of an outer dilator and traction frame components. 扩张器由牵引夹头、牵引臂及其调节结构共同组成。 Dilator from the chucks traction, traction arm and adjusting structure composed. 外扩张器能够实现在家庭中自行操作,“产生”新生的皮肤,为组织缺损的修复提供可能。 Outer dilator can achieve on their own operations in the family, "produce" new skin for tissue defects may be provided. 相对于内扩张,减少了埋置扩张器的一次住院治疗,减轻了就医难的医疗难题。 Relative to the inner expansion, reducing the dilator once buried hospitalization, medical treatment is difficult to reduce the health problems. 目前外扩张器可以分为两类:一类是使用简单的晾衣夹子这样简陋的日常用品;另外一类就是价格比较昂贵的专门器械,操作相对复杂,成本随着增加。 Currently outer dilator can be divided into two categories: one is to use a simple clip airing this simple daily necessities; another type is the price of more expensive specialized equipment, the operation is relatively complex, the cost increases.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0006]本发明的目的是提供一种负压式皮肤外扩张器,用于皮肤扩张的治疗期短,治疗费用低,不易产生并发症,而且可以根据患者的个人疼痛承受能力不同,设定不同的扩张压力,痛苦小,操作简单,能够充分贴合人体不同曲面的部位,也能贴合毛发较多的部位,能形成密闭局部空间。 [0006] The object of the present invention is to provide a vacuum-type outer skin dilator, for the treatment of skin expansion of short, low treatment cost, easy to produce complications, and can withstand different abilities based on the patient's individual pain, set different expansion pressure, pain, simple operation, can be fully fit different body surface area, but also be able to fit the hair more parts can be formed locally confined spaces.

[0007]为了达到上述目的,本发明有如下技术方案: [0007] To achieve the above object, the present invention has the following technical scheme:

[0008]本发明的一种负压式皮肤外扩张器,包括气垫式负压罩、直角转换管、连接管、负压产生装置,所述直角转换管的一端连接在气垫式负压罩的顶部,直角转换管的另一端与所述连接管连接,所述连接管与负压产生装置连接。 [0008] A negative pressure type outer skin dilator of the present invention, including a negative pressure air cushion cover, right angle converter tube, pipe, negative pressure generating means, one end of the tube is connected at right angles to convert the negative pressure in the air cushion cover the other end of the top tube at right angles with the conversion of the connection pipe is connected, and the connecting pipe negative pressure generating means is connected.

[0009]其中,所述气垫式负压罩包括罩体、气囊、气门,所述气囊连接在罩体底部的边缘上,气门固定在罩体上,且气门与气囊连通。 [0009] wherein, the cushion cover includes a cover body negative pressure, balloon valve, said air bag body connected to the bottom edge of the cover, the valve body is fixed to the cover, and a valve in communication with the balloon.

[0010]其中,所述直角转换管顶部设有通孔,该通孔上设有顶盖。 [0010] wherein said converter tube at right angles to the top of a through hole, the through hole is provided on the cover.

[0011]其中,所述罩体为圆台形,所述罩体采用透明材料。 [0011] wherein said truncated cone-shaped cover, the cover body is made of a transparent material.

[0012]其中,所述气囊横截面为管状,所述气囊采用医用硅胶。 [0012] wherein the cross section of the tubular balloon, the balloon made of medical silicone.

[0013]其中,所述气门包括气道、气道盖、弹簧,所述气道盖与气道连接,弹簧顶在气道盖上。 [0013] wherein the valve including airway, airway cover spring, cover connection with the airway airway, airway spring top cover.

[0014]由于采取了以上技术方案,本发明的优点在于: [0014] As a result of the above technical solution, the advantages of the present invention is:

[0015] I本发明用于皮肤扩张的治疗期短,治疗费用低,不易产生并发症,而且可以根据患者的个人疼痛承受能力不同,设定不同的扩张压力,痛苦小,能够充分贴合人体不同曲面的部位,也能贴合毛发较多的部位,能形成密闭局部空间。 [0015] I of the present invention is used for short-term treatment of skin expansion, low-cost treatment, not easy to produce complications, and can vary according to the patient's individual pain tolerance, set different expansion pressure, pain can be sufficiently fit body different parts of the surface can also be bonded hair more parts can be formed locally confined spaces.

[0016] 2本发明操作简单,便于调节,能消除病人恐惧心理,解决病人就医难的问题,提高了工作效率。 Simple [0016] 2 invention operate, easy to adjust, can eliminate the fear of the patient, the patient solve difficult medical problems and improve work efficiency.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0017]图1为本发明整体结构的示意图; [0017] FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the overall structure;

[0018]图2为本发明气垫式负压罩的示意图。 [0018] FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of air cushion suction hood.

[0019]图中:1、气垫式负压罩;2、直角转换管;3、连接管;4、负压产生装置、5、罩体;6、气囊;7、气门;8、顶盖。 [0019] FIG: 1, negative pressure air cover; 2, right-angle converter tube; 3, the connecting pipe; 4, negative pressure generating means 5, the cover body; 6, the balloon; 7, valve; 8, the top cover.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0020]以下实施例用于说明本发明,但不用来限制本发明的范围。 [0020] The following examples illustrate the invention but are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention.

[0021]参见图1-图2,本发明的一种负压式皮肤外扩张器,由气垫式负压罩、直角转换管、连接管、负压产生装置组成,所述直角转换管的一端连接在气垫式负压罩的顶部,直角转换管的另一端与所述连接管连接,所述连接管与负压产生装置连接。 [0021] Referring Figures 1-2 A negative pressure type outer skin dilator of the present invention, the negative pressure by the air cushion cover, right angle converter tube, pipe, negative pressure generating means composed of the right-angle converter tube end the other end of the top of the right-angle converter tube is connected to the negative pressure air cover and the connecting pipe connected to the connecting pipe with a negative pressure generating device is connected.

[0022]所述气垫式负压罩由罩体、气囊、气门组成,所述气囊连接在罩体底部的边缘上,气门固定在罩体上,且气门与气囊连通。 [0022] The negative pressure cushion cover with a cover, an airbag, consisting of a valve, the air bag body is connected to the bottom edge of the cover, the valve body is fixed to the cover, and a valve in communication with the balloon. 所述罩体为圆台形,所述罩体采用透明材料。 The truncated cone-shaped shell, the shell made of transparent material. 气垫式负压罩能够清晰显现被吸引皮肤的状况。 Air Cushion cover negative pressure can clearly appear to be attracted skin condition. 气垫式负压罩的下缘有一个可以调节压力的气囊,能够充分贴合不同起伏的身体表面或毛发较多部位,形成密闭的局部环境。 Lower edge of the air cushion cover has a negative pressure can be adjusted airbag can be sufficiently fit different body undulating surface or hair are more parts to form a closed local environment. 气垫式负压罩采用PVC材料制作,经久耐用,气垫采用医用硅胶,柔软富有弹性。 Negative pressure air cushion cover with PVC material, durable and cushion using medical silicone, soft and elastic. 气垫式负压罩无毒、无害,可以长期和人体皮肤接触。 Air Cushion cover negative non-toxic, harmless, long-term contact with human skin.

[0023]所述直角转换管顶部设有通孔,该通孔上设有顶盖。 [0023] The converter tube at right angles to the top of a through hole, the through hole is provided on the cover.

[0024]所述气门包括气道、气道盖、弹簧,所述气道盖与气道连接,弹簧顶在气道盖上。 [0024] The valve including airway, airway cover spring, cover connection with the airway airway, airway spring top cover.

[0025]负压产生装置采用便携式负压吸引器,能够持续产生负压,负压可以调节,通过气垫式负压罩的控制面板可以清晰显示中心负压吸引,适于医院就诊的患者使用。 [0025] negative pressure generating device using a portable suction device, can continue to produce negative pressure, the negative pressure can be adjusted by the negative pressure air cushion cover control panel can clearly show the central suction, suitable for hospital patient use. 负压产生装置由电机、叶轮、电机控制电路、外壳组成。 Negative pressure generating means by the motor, the impeller, the motor control circuit, the shell composition.

[0026]显然,本发明的上述实施仅仅是为清楚地说明本发明所作的举例,而并非是对本发明的实施方式的限定。 [0026] Obviously, the above-described embodiment of the present invention is merely to clearly illustrate the present invention made by way of example, and not limitative of the embodiment of the present invention. 对于所属领域的普通技术人员来说,在上述说明的基础上还可以做出其它不同形式的变化或变动。 Those of ordinary skill in the art that, based on the above description can also make changes or changes in various other forms. 这里无法对所有的实施方式予以穷举。 Here can not be exhaustive of all embodiments. 凡是属于本发明的技术方案所引伸出的显而易见的变化或变动仍处于本发明的保护范围之列。 Changes or changes apparent to those who belong to the present invention, the technical solution of the corollary is still in the column of the scope of the present invention.

Patentzitate
Zitiertes PatentEingetragen Veröffentlichungsdatum Antragsteller Titel
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CN2738740Y *18. Okt. 20049. Nov. 2005沈秀中皮肤分离器
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Klassifizierungen
Internationale KlassifikationA61M29/00, A61B17/322
Juristische Ereignisse
DatumCodeEreignisBeschreibung
4. Juni 2014C06Publication
26. Nov. 2014C10Entry into substantive examination
21. Dez. 2016C14Grant of patent or utility model