Suche Bilder Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive Mehr »
Nutzer von Screenreadern: Klicke auf diesen Link, um die Bedienungshilfen zu aktivieren. Dieser Modus bietet die gleichen Grundfunktionen, funktioniert aber besser mit deinem Reader.


  1. Erweiterte Patentsuche
VeröffentlichungsnummerUS3292331 A
Veröffentlichungsdatum20. Dez. 1966
Eingetragen24. Jan. 1964
Prioritätsdatum24. Jan. 1964
VeröffentlichungsnummerUS 3292331 A, US 3292331A, US-A-3292331, US3292331 A, US3292331A
ErfinderCarl R Sams
Ursprünglich BevollmächtigterCarl R Sams
Zitat exportierenBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Externe Links: USPTO, USPTO-Zuordnung, Espacenet
Interlocking blocks and wall construction
US 3292331 A
Zusammenfassung  auf verfügbar
Previous page
Next page
Ansprüche  auf verfügbar
Beschreibung  (OCR-Text kann Fehler enthalten)

Dec. 20, 1966 Q s s 3,292,331


Dec. 20, 1966 c. R. SAMS 3,292,331


Cdfl/ c5 ama.

. BY Awanhmawf/W 147' 7' ORNE KS United States Patent 3,292,331 INTERLOCKING BLOCKS AND WALL CONSTRUCTION Carl R. Sams, 302 Ottawa Ave., Oscoda, Mich. 48753 Filed Jan. 24, 1964, Ser. No. 339,948 1 Claim. (Cl. 52405) This invention relates to building blocks and walls made up of rigid, thermosetting plastics and polymeric material as well as other materials.

One of the prime objects of the invention is to design a building unit formed to standard dimensions, which can be readily laid up in a wall with a large percentage of inexperienced labor to minimize the cost of construction and provide simple, practical, and economical means for keying the units together in end to end relation, and the wall courses in superimposed relation, thus conserving time and considerable expense in the erection of the walls of a building.

Another object of the invention is to design a lightweight, precast block having central, vertically disposed passages therein, together with means insertable in said passages to provide a vapor-proof barrier which serves also as an insulation or temperature barrier to prevent passage of heat and/ or cold.

A further object is to provide a precast block formed of lightweight cement, plastic or other material, and provide a centrally disposed, vertical opening in each'block, which openings are disposed in vertical alignment when the blocks are laid up in a wall, so that a reinforcing bar or rod can be inserted and the opening then filled with a concrete, thus tying the courses together and forming studding to hold the blocks rigid and accurate, said studs extending from the top of the Wall into the concrete floor on which the blocks are laid.

A still further object is to provide prefabricated blocks, usable in the construction of walls for buildings in general, and to which a complete finished inside and outside coat or finish can be easily and quickly applied.

A further object still is to provide a lock block especially adaptable for forming the walls of homes, garages and buildings in general, said walls being non-load bearing, the roof load being supported on the poured studs which extend from the fioor to the top of the wall.

Still a further object is to design a novel precast block adapted to be laid up in a wall in end to end relation and in courses to provide a wall of required height, and means for securing the courses together to form studs which insure the walls remaining square and true, and eliminating cracking and/ or similar defects.

With the above and other objects in view, the present invention consists in the combination and arrangement of parts, hereinafter more fully described, illustrated in the accompanying drawings, and more particularly pointed out in the appended claim; it being understood that changes may be made in the form, size, proportion and minor details of construction, without departing from the spirit or sacrificing any of the advantages of the invention.

In the drawings:

FIG. 1 is a fragmentary, perspective view of a section of a wall showing my new blocks laid up therein.

FIG. 2 is an enlarged perspective view showing a single precast block.

FIG. 3 is a transverse, sectional view taken on the line 3-3 of FIG. 2 and looking in direction of the arrows.

FIG. 4 is a view similar to FIG. 2 showing a slightly different block design, with insulation panels mounted therein and a key in position in the T-shaped end slot, the broken lines illustrating the removability of the panels.

FIG. 5 is a transverse, sectional view taken on line 55 of FIG. 4.

FIG. 6 is a fragmentary, vertical, sectional view showing a floor with my new blocks laid up in a wall, and the poured, reinforcing studding which supports the roof and roof load.

FIG. 7 is a perspective view of one of the keys for securing the blocks in end to end relation.

Referring now more specifically to the drawings in which I have shown the preferred embodiment of my invention and in which the numeral 10 indicates a cement floor on which the individual precast blocks B are laid, said blocks being formed of cement, plastic, epoxy resin, Styrofoam or any other polymeric materials.

This block is preferably formed to standard dimensions as used in the building industry, and T-shaped slots 11 are provided in the end walls 12 as shown, with a centrally disposed, cored passage 14 extending through said block.

Longitudinally, spaced apart, vertical passages 15 are interposed between the central passage 14 and the T- shaped slots 11 and other narrow passages 16 are disposed adjacent the inner and outer faces 17 and 18 of the block to eliminate weight and conserve material. Cylindrical cores 19 are provided adjacent the outer face 18 of the block, said face being downwardly angled as clearly shown in FIGS. 3 and 6 of the drawings for artistic purposes and to simulate conventional siding, shingles or the like.

In the erection of a wall the blocks B are laid up on the floor 10 in a course in end to end relation, with a key K inserted in the T-shaped slots 11 to hold them firmly together in the courses, each key comprising a longitudinally disposed web 20 having a transversely disposed head section 21 on each end thereof, a thin spread of mortar (not shown) is applied to the upper face of each block as usual, and these courses are laid up on each other until a wall of required height has been erected with the center passages 14 disposed in vertical alignment with each other, reinforcing rods 22 are then inserted in the continuous passage 14, after which a neat cement 23 is poured in said opening around the rods to completely fill said passages.

A face plate 24 made up of wood or the like is then laid on the upper face of upper course of blocks, and a plurality of openings (not shown) are provided in said face plate in spaced apart alignment with the upper ends of the rods which project through the face plate and are threaded as at 25 to accommodate the nuts 26 which are utilized to secure and bind the structure together.

The usual ceiling rafters 27 are provided in the building and bear on the face plate 24, and roof rafters 28 also bear on the face plate with a knee brace 29 for securing the members together. The manner of tieing the blocks and courses together, with the face plate 24, rods 22 and studding 23 give the wall ample rigidity, and the key members K lock the blocks in end to end relation, so here again, we have strength and rigidity, all with extremely lightweight material, and block units that can be easily and quickly laid up with a minimum of experienced labor, and in a minimum length of time.

Both the inner and outer wall surfaces of the block can be finished as desired, it is a matter of preference only, and a finish 30 can be placed directly on the inner face as shown, and also on the outer face if desired.

In FIGURES 4 and 5 of the drawings, I have shown a modification of the block unit, and block B being of the same shape and general dimensions and is formed with a centrally disposed, cored opening 14 as previously described. T-shaped slots 11 are also provided in the end walls for engagement by the key member K, to tie the blocks in end to end relation.

Longitudinally disposed passages 31 are provided in each block unit directly adjacent the inner and outer face of each side wall, and an asbestos slab 32 is slidably fitted in each passage, and this can be a slab of insulating material to form a heat or cold air barrier, or they can be of a material designed to form a vapor barrier.

These blocks are laid up in the same manner as those previouslytdescribed, center openings ,14 are disposed in vertical alignment to secure the concrete mixture in which the reinforcing rod is suspended; and the slabs 32 are disposed in abutting end to end relation when the blocks are laid up, the complete wall being, constructed in the same manner as previously described.

' slots of the blocks to secure the blocks in end to end From the foregoing description,it will be obvious that I have perfected a very simple, practical and economical, interlocking block structure for constructing buildings of all kinds and in which the roof load is carried by studs in the wall.

What I claim is:

A wall construction for buildings comprising, a plurality of preformed blocks, each block having a 'central, vertically disposed passagev extending therethrough; T- shaped slots in the end walls of each block; longitudinally disposed passages in said blocks adjacent the inner and relation, and vertically disposed, reinforcing means provided in said vertically disposed passages to form a rigid wall.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 716,865 12/ 1902 Choquet 52586 1,154,546 9/1915 Peters 52438 1,396,265 11/1921 Dochnal 52437 1,508,325 9/1924 1 Henderson 52437 X 1,884,319 10/1932 Smith 52438 X 2,179,407 11/ 1939 Flores 52300 X 2,212,184 8/1940 Powell 5230O X 2,291,712 8/1942 Hatton 52-586 X 2,558,630 6/1951 Stewart 52436 2,655,032 10/1953 Zagray 52589 3,112,578 12/1963 Rosenfeld 52586 X FOREIGN PATENTS 935,013 1948 France.

RICHARD W. COOKE, JR., Primary Examiner.

outer walls thereof and extendingfrom end to end of 25 JOHN E. MURTAGH, Examiner.

each block, slabs of material slidably mounted in said

Zitiertes PatentEingetragen Veröffentlichungsdatum Antragsteller Titel
US716865 *14. Mai 190230. Dez. 1902Henri ChoquetInterlocking bricks.
US1154546 *28. Jan. 191521. Sept. 1915J D EastmanCement building-block.
US1396265 *28. Okt. 19188. Nov. 1921Mathias DochnalTile-block
US1508325 *20. Okt. 19239. Sept. 1924Henderson CorpConcrete building construction
US1884319 *10. Aug. 192925. Okt. 1932Kenneth L SmithWall structure
US2179407 *12. Okt. 19387. Nov. 1939Flores Antonio CBuilding block
US2212184 *7. Dez. 193820. Aug. 1940Angle W PowellBuilding unit
US2291712 *20. Juni 19404. Aug. 1942Henry Hatton WilliamBuilding block
US2558630 *19. Febr. 194626. Juni 1951John H StewartBuilding block
US2655032 *15. Dez. 194713. Okt. 1953Prec Building System IncBuilding brick
US3112578 *24. Nov. 19613. Dez. 1963Morton M RosenfeldWall structure
FR935013A * Titel nicht verfügbar
Referenziert von
Zitiert von PatentEingetragen Veröffentlichungsdatum Antragsteller Titel
US3383817 *3. Aug. 196621. Mai 1968Roher Bohm LtdConcrete form structure for walls
US3410044 *23. Juli 196512. Nov. 1968Contemporary Walls LtdFoamed plastic based construction elements
US3782049 *19. Mai 19721. Jan. 1974Sachs MWall forming blocks
US3788020 *12. Mai 196929. Jan. 1974Roher Bohm LtdFoamed plastic concrete form with fire resistant tension member
US3800015 *19. Mai 197226. März 1974Sachs MMethod of forming a block to be used in the construction of a wall
US3828496 *22. Febr. 197313. Aug. 1974Perini PPrefabricated building construction
US3876185 *2. Apr. 19738. Apr. 1975J Lynn WelchVehicle energy absorbing device
US3936987 *13. Jan. 197510. Febr. 1976Edward L CalvinInterlocking brick or building block and walls constructed therefrom
US3943676 *15. März 197416. März 1976Gustav IckesModular building wall unit and method for making such unit
US4004385 *10. Apr. 197425. Jan. 1977Momotoshi KosugeBuilding structure using concrete blocks
US4452028 *3. Dez. 19815. Juni 1984Willard S. NortonStructure and method for reinforcing a wall
US4527373 *7. Juli 19829. Juli 1985Cruise Thomas EInsulated concrete masonry unit with low density heat bridges
US4532745 *14. Dez. 19816. Aug. 1985Core-FormChannel and foam block wall construction
US4597236 *10. Juli 19841. Juli 1986Braxton James SHollow wall construction
US4614071 *16. Nov. 198330. Sept. 1986Sams Carl RBuilding blocks
US4703602 *6. Nov. 19853. Nov. 1987National Concrete Masonry AssociationForming system for construction
US4769964 *14. Juni 198413. Sept. 1988Johnson Stanley DSelf-aligned and leveled, insulated, drystack block
US4819396 *5. Dez. 198611. Apr. 1989Cruise Thomas EInsulated concrete masonry unit with low density heat bridges
US4860515 *26. Mai 198729. Aug. 1989Browning Bruce E JunSelf-supporting concrete form
US5189859 *4. Sept. 19912. März 1993Payer William JModulized space truss assembly
US5241795 *12. März 19927. Sept. 1993Giroux Francis ABuilding materials made from waste and unusual properties thereof
US5371990 *11. Aug. 199213. Dez. 1994Salahuddin; Fareed-M.Element based foam and concrete modular wall construction and method and apparatus therefor
US5560172 *18. Aug. 19941. Okt. 1996Brophy; Edward A.Reducer block for retaining walls
US5697196 *29. Mai 199616. Dez. 1997Unique Development CorporationElement based foam and concrete wall construction and method and apparatus therefor
US5724782 *23. Mai 199410. März 1998Rice; Ronald D.System and method for constructing buildings (and other structures) capable of withstanding substantial natural forces
US5875599 *25. Sept. 19952. März 1999Owens-Corning Fiberglas Technology Inc.Modular insulation panels and insulated structures
US5878544 *11. Juli 19969. März 1999Mckinnon; GordonStabilizing system for concrete poured walls within foam block forms
US5921046 *4. Apr. 199713. Juli 1999Recobond, Inc.Prefabricated building system for walls, roofs, and floors using a foam core building panel and connectors
US61858917. Juli 199913. Febr. 2001R-40 Homes, Inc.Hurricane resistant foam-concrete structural composite
US630514213. Juli 199923. Okt. 2001Recobond, Inc.Apparatus and method for installing prefabricated building system for walls roofs and floors using a foam core building pane
US64055052. Juni 200018. Juni 2002Carlo AlbertiModular interlock wall form
US655130914. Sept. 200022. Apr. 2003Cryoflex, Inc.Dual action cryoprobe and methods of using the same
US6564524 *13. Juli 200120. Mai 2003Christian GruitaModular construction system
US6609856 *7. Apr. 200026. Aug. 2003David W. KnightProcess of installing a precast concrete pile below a structure
US8297012 *2. Mai 200630. Okt. 2012Nunez-Vargas MarianoWall structure with hollow plastic modules
US86316168. Febr. 201121. Jan. 2014Skidmore Owings & Merrill LlpPrecast wall panels and method of erecting a high-rise building using the panels
US8752355 *22. Dez. 200917. Juni 2014Casey MoroschanHollow core block stabilization system
US9309667 *12. Apr. 201212. Apr. 2016Moss Thompson, LlcConcrete exterior wall system
US9523194 *17. Dez. 201320. Dez. 2016Wembley Innovation LimitedReinforced blockwork construction method
US9528263 *3. Nov. 201527. Dez. 2016Thomas K LightfootSelf-aligning interlocking construction blocks
US20050115194 *12. Juli 20042. Juni 2005Rico Rock LlcComponent modular foam based system for construction of concrete structures
US20060016143 *26. Juli 200426. Jan. 2006Morris Richard DInsulated tile and stone block wall
US20070125041 *13. Sept. 20057. Juni 2007Harvey MisbinWallboard system and methods of installation and repair
US20070193183 *21. Febr. 200623. Aug. 2007Price Brian AConcrete block for forming columns
US20080302040 *11. Apr. 200611. Dez. 2008Bs1Building Block
US20090301003 *2. Mai 200610. Dez. 2009Nunez-Vargas MarianoWall structure with hollow plastic modules
US20110047924 *1. Sept. 20093. März 2011Antar Mohamed AHollow brick providing thermal insulation
US20110126484 *8. Febr. 20112. Juni 2011Skidmore Owings & Merrill LlpPrecast wall panels and method of erecting a high-rise building using the panels
US20110146196 *22. Dez. 200923. Juni 2011Casey MoroschanHollow core block stabilization system
US20120260603 *12. Apr. 201218. Okt. 2012Thompson Dean SConcrete exterior wall system
US20150259910 *11. Dez. 201317. Sept. 2015Luciano Héctor MONTIEL REYES,Mutual tie block system means of geometric bodies
US20160123004 *3. Nov. 20155. Mai 2016Thomas K. LightfootSelf-Aligning Interlocking Construction Blocks
CN103403277A *8. Febr. 201220. Nov. 2013Som设计事务所Precast wall panels and method of erecting a high-rise building using the panels
CN103403277B *8. Febr. 201213. Jan. 2016Som设计事务所预制墙体板材
CN105714932A *8. Febr. 201229. Juni 2016Som设计事务所Precast Wall Panel
EP1251211A1 *15. Apr. 200223. Okt. 2002Georg Rimmele KGWall made from premanufactured components
EP2933394A4 *11. Dez. 20133. Aug. 2016Reyes Luciano Héctor MontielSystem of blocks that are interlocked by means of geometrical bodies
WO2001002676A17. Juli 200011. Jan. 2001R-40 Homes, Inc.Hurricane resistant foam-concrete structural composite
WO2008108765A1 *6. März 200712. Sept. 2008Mortarless Technologies LlcConcrete block for forming columns
WO2012109293A1 *8. Febr. 201216. Aug. 2012Newco Ventures LlcPrecast wall panels and method of erecting a high-rise building using the panels
WO2013053340A210. Okt. 201218. Apr. 2013Hynek SiedekModular system for precise construction
WO2013053340A3 *10. Okt. 201213. Juni 2013Hynek SiedekModular system for precise construction of walls
US-Klassifikation52/405.2, 52/309.15, 52/300, 52/309.12, 52/439
Internationale KlassifikationE04B2/02, E04B2/18, E04B2/10
UnternehmensklassifikationE04B2/18, E04B2/10, E04B2002/0252
Europäische KlassifikationE04B2/10, E04B2/18