|Veröffentlichungsdatum||20. Jan. 1844|
|Veröffentlichungsnummer||US 3412 A, US 3412A, US-A-3412, US3412 A, US3412A|
|Zitat exportieren||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenziert von (2)|
|Externe Links: USPTO, USPTO-Zuordnung, Espacenet|
UNITED sra'rns rnfrnnr cierren.
y JOHN MILLER, or LEXINGTON TOwwsIIIIJ,` sIARx counter, oiIIO.v
TAIL-BLOCK or sAvvI/IILLs.`
Speccation of Letters Patent No. 3,412,.dated January 20, 1844. i
To all 'whom 25 may concern: t m
Be it known that I, JOHN MILLER, of Lexington township, in the county of Stark; and State of Ohio, have invented a new and useful `Improvement on the Construction of Sawmills by the use of which the back part of the carriage` is so shifted in `returning from the saw astogplace the log ina properposition to saw timber of any required thickness with accuracy; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of theconstruction and operation of the same, reference being had'to the annexed drawings, making a part of this specification, in which Figure 1, is a perspective view of a part of the floor, and of the carriage of a saw mill, with the improvementsattached. Fig. 2, is a perspective view ofthe rag-wheel, or, ratchet, with its arbor orshaft and the small cog-wheel or pinion.
The improvement is applicable to sawmills in general use, and is constructed as follows: A, A, A, Fig. 1, represents the floor of` a sawmill; b, represent the way pieces, which are let into the sleepers in the ordinary manner, and the carriage also moves on them in the usual way; C, represents a piece of timber about four inches thick and about fourteen inches broad, and extending a little beyond the carriage beams on each side, it is `screwed down on` the carriage beams near the back end of the carriage; equally distant from the ends, andnearthe front edge of this piece of timber, is mortised in, a post D, Fig. 1, which is about seven inches square, and about six inches high, exclusive of t-he semicircularpart `on the top.V The front side of the post ismcut out from the lower end up, to within about two inches of the upper end, so that the upper end projects over the tail block to give it additional steadiness. On the rear of the post D, about one inch from the back edge of the piece of timber U, and midway be tween the carriage beams, is placed an iron hook, A, Fig. 2, so constructed, as to receive and hold the shaft b, Fig. 2, Of the ragwheel, at the underside of the piece of timber C. The other end of the hook, passes up through the piece Of timber C, and is fasi-` tened by a screw nut, as represented at e, Fig. 1 t
` F Fig. 1, and C, Fig. 2, is a rag wheel or ratchet, about eightnches in diameter, and
one inch thick; the teeth are one quarter of an inch apart. The wheel is, fastened to` a shaft b, Fig. 2, which is abouttwenty` two inches long, the shaft is supported, atA the end near the rag wheel, or, ratchet by the hook A, Fig. 2, as already described; the other end of the shaft extends forward to the. cross `piece of the carriage and is there supported by, `and works in a piece of iron,
which is let into the cross piece, to enable the tail block to pass over it, and is screwed, or, spiked fast. On the shaft, near the gudgeon, is attached a small cog-wheel or pinion D, Fig. 2, which is one half the diameter of the rag-wheel; it works in the teeth of a straight iron bar, G, Fig. 1, which is fastened to the tail block H, as represented in Figrl. y i t m I, Fig. 1, is acrooked lever, one end of which has a hole in it, which is passed over of the saw mill,- and works along the edges of guide blocks and the spring as represented at L, Fig. 1. is made broad andis curved to a'ord room for the hand, or, click E," Fig. 2, which is placed on the `front side of the rag-wheel; the place where it is fastened is represented atm,Fi`g.l. i m,
F, Fig.` 2, is a spring that bears on the hand or click, and keeps it constantly on the rag-wheel, the place where it is fastened is also represented ata, Fig. 1.
P, is an ironhasp, or, clasp, bent in an angle; one end has a holethrough it,whi`ch is placed over the end of the rag wheel shaft guideblocks; they `arebetween three and four inches wide, and about nine inches long the rear end of the shaft of the `rag-wheel,
The middle of the lever and two inches thick. On the upper side and along the outer edge is fasteneda plate of iron, as represented by the dark shades on the blocks; these blocksare screwed down near one end, on a two inch plank which is fastened to the sleepers of the saw mill; the
front edges ofthe blocks are `placed in a straight line (when not turned out by the wedges) with thecenter of the carriage; they are leftsucientlyloose, to turn at the block, whatever the number of guide blocks may be, and laps about one foot against the piece U, which may also be called a guide block; it is fastened down like the others, at the front end it is beveled to correspond wit-h the other guide blocks, when they are turned out by the wedges S, S, S.
V, represents a wooden spring two inches in thickness, and of sufficient strength to give it proper elasticity, the end toward the back part of the saw mill, is cut to bevel to fit against the beveled side of the piece U, Fig. l, as represented at m, and form a straigiht line with that side of the piece Ugpthe other end is rabbeted out to adord the opportunity of screwing down to the floor, and extends far enough toward the saw to carry the lever Q, past all the guide blocks.
Y, is a wooden spring, fastened on the inside of the carriage beam; it has a staple fastened at the elastic end, into which is hooked the end of the iron rod s; the other end of the rod is hooked into a hole in the crooked lever Q, as represented in Fig. l.
The operation of sawing, with a saw mill having these improvements, is similar to that of any other saw mill; after one cut of the log is finished however, and the carriage has returned between two and three feet vfrom the saw, the lower end of the crooked lever Q, will come in contact with the front edge of the guide block next to the saw; which has been turned out previously, by placing a wedge of the proper thickness behind it; as represented by the blocks 1, 2, and 3. The lower end of the lever will then be diverted from the straight line in which it moved previous to coming into 'contact with the guide block; and will then pass along the edge of the block until it arrives at the end of it; during this progress of the lower end of the lever, the hand, or, click, being in the teeth of the rag wheel, will cause it to turn, in proportion, as the guide block is turned out 'by the wedge; this will also turn the small cog wheel, which is on the same shaft, and works in the teeth of the straight iron bar, that is fastened to the tail block, upon which the back end of the log is fastened, and consequently will shift the log. The
carriage continuing to move back, and the lower end of the lever having Varrived at the end of the guide block, it will be drawn back, by the wooden spring Y, which is connected with the lower end of the lever by the iron rod Z; into the same line from whence it was diverted by the guide block, and as it is represented in the drawing. The lever having been drawn back, will cause the hand or, click, to take another hold on the ragwheel, which will move it again, whenever the lever will receive another motion. Every guide block that comes in contact with the lever will produce the same result: Any required thickness can therefore be sawed, by increasing the number of guide blocks, and the wedges placed behind them. The carriage, still continuing to return, until the lower end of the lever has passed all the guide blocks; it will then move along the beveled end of the piece of timber U, until. it comes against the inside of the wooden spring V, which will yield to the lever and let it pass out at fr, and move along the edge of the piece of timber U. As the carriage moves forward, during the operation of sawing, the lower end of the lever will move along the outside of the wooden spring V, until it arrives at the end of the spring: The other wooden spring Y, will then draw the lever against the inner edge of the piece of timber T, at 21, where it will again be brought into contact with the guide blocks as before. The rag wheel having the teeth one quarter of an inch apart, and the small cog-wheel being on the same shaft, and being one half the diameter, each tooth of the ragwheel, when in motion, will move the tail block, with the log, one eighth of an inch. The number of guide blocks, and the wedges will therefore be required to be so regulated as to cause the lever to move the rag-wheel, and consequently the tail block and log, so as to saw the timber the desired thickness.
The shaft of the ragwheel is made square, and projects about four inches beyond the hasp, or, clasp, that holds the crooked lever to its place, as represented in the drawing,- for the purpose of putting a lever to it, to
shift the log its entire thickness, by hand,
for the purpose of taking offl the slabs. The piece of timber T, is intended to support the guide blocks and wedges, andfor the lower end of the lever to rest against, before it arrives at the guide blocks. The The iron plates on the upper side at the front edge of the guide blocks, is placed there, to prevent them from wearing so as to destroy their accuracy. The proportions above given, may be deviated from, to suit the fancy of the constructor; the rag-wheel may also be placed in a horizontal position, and the other parts connected with it, so arranged as to suit its operation; and
yet all be so constructed as to Work on the bination with the timbers T, and U, and 10 principles herein described and explained; the spring V, the guide blocks being reguif it should be desired, or preferred. lated by Wedges, or, other analogous device,
Vhat I claim IaJs my ivention, and deall as herein described. y 5 sire t0 secure by etters atent is:
Making the guide blocks in hinged sec- JOHN MILLER tions, so as to set the log` by several opera- Witnesses: tions of the lever acting on the ratchet P. B. FREDRICK, Wheel; instead of one operation, in com- ABRAHAM GrAsKILLi
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