US 621889 A
Beschreibung (OCR-Text kann Fehler enthalten)
Patented Mar.` 2s, |899. F. YuNcK.
cABmE-r. (Application lsd Jan. 27, 1898.)
2 sums-sheet l.
No. 621,889. Patented Mar. 2s, |399. F'. YUNCK.
(Application led Jan. 27, 189B.) (no Model.) 2 sheets-sheet 2.
"Iluullll FREDERICK YUNOK, OF BRYAN, OHIO.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 621,889, dated March 28, 1899.
Application filed January 27, 1898. Serial No. 668,164. (No model.)
To lil/ZZ whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, FREDERICK YUNCK, a citizen of the United States, residing at Bryan, in the county of Williams and State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Oabinets, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to cabinets and other analogous articles of furniture, and more particularly to that class known as kitchencabinets, and has for its main object to provide a series of shelves for the said cabinet that will be adapted to support articles in the usual manner and will also be so arranged and movably supported as to be capable of being drawn forward into the same horizontal plane, thus affording when desired a tablesurface of comparatively broad area.
A further object of my invention is to provide suitable means for retaining said shelving in its extended position, the same consisting of various forms of support adapted to be brought into operative position either separately or conjointly,.as hereinafter described, whereby the table-surface so formed may be capable of sustaining any weight that may be placed thereupon.
These objects I accomplish in the manner and by the means hereinafter described and claimed7 reference being had. to the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure 1 is a perspective view of my improved device, showing the shelving in its extended position. Fig. 2 is a central vertical transverse sectional View of the same with the shelving in the same position, said shelving being shown in dotted lines in its retracted position. Fig. 3 isla front elevation of the same,the shelving being shown in its retracted position. Fig. 4 is a horizontal section taken on the line 4 4 of Fig. 2 and looking in the direction of the arrow, the supporting-legs being shown folded. Fig. 5 is a detail side elevation of the shelves and their supporting side bars, the body of the cabinet being shown in dotted lines. Fig. 6 is a detail view of one of the bolts for retaining the cabinet-doors in their supporting position.
Similar numerals of reference denote corresponding parts in the several views.
In the said drawings the reference-numeral l denotes the body of the cabinet, the upper portion of which may be constructed in any suitable man new-as, for instance, with fixed shelvingl and with doors, as shown in Figs. l and 2.
The lower portion of the cabinet is provided with the hinged doors 2and within said lower portion are located the shelves 3, having their front ends pivoted to side bars 4 at the points 5 and their rear ends fixed to angle-irons 6, that are in turn pivoted to side bars 7, as shown in Figs. 1 and 2. The side bars 4 are pivoted at their rear ends to the sides of the cabinet l, near its front, while the lower side bars '7 are pivoted at their rear ends to additional angle-irons 8, fixed in the body of the.
cabinet, as shown in Figs. 2 and 5. Additional braces for said shelves 3 are afforded by the bars 9, the same being hinged at their rear ends to the cabinet-body-and to the rear lower edges of each shelf 3, as shown. On the under side of the upper one of the shelves 3 is pivoted a turn-button 10 for a purpose hereinafter to be described.
Hinged to the under side of the lower shelf 3 are the legs 1l, the same adapted to be folded longitudinally of said shelf, as shown in Figs. 3 and 4, said shelf also having pivoted centrally to its under side a retaining-iron 12, the same being formed at its ends into hooks 13 to engage with the ends of the legs l1 when folded, as clearly shown in Figs. 3 and 4. The doors 2 of the cabinet are each provided on their inner sides, near their outer upper corners, with studs or projections 14, while on theiri outer sides, near their adjoining lower corners, are located the bolts 15, (shown in detail in Fig. 6,) said' bolts carrying pins 16, adapted to engage in side notches 17 in their casings, whereby said bolts may be retained in either their uppermost or lowermost positions.
From the above description the operation of my improved construction will be understood to be as follows: From the manner of supporting the shelves 3 from the side bars 4 and 7, the angle-irons 6, and the bars 9 it Will be apparent that when they are in the position shown in dotted lines in Fig. 2 and in full .lines in Fig. 3 they'will be supported in a horizontal position one above the other and completely within the body of the cabinet 1 in position to receive articles, as would the or- IOC 2 senese dinary fixed shelving. Now when it is desired to convert said'shelves into a table it is only necessary to open the doors 2 of the cabinet and draw out the lower shelf 3, which will describe an are of a circle, but remaining always in a horizontal plane, and bring with.
it the upper shelf 3, also always in a horizontal plane, until the two assume a position in the same horizontal plane and with their edges contacting, as shown in Figs. 1 and 2. Now by rotating the turn-button 10 to the position shown in Fig. 2 the engagement of the 'front end of the latter with the outer shelf will, in conjunction with the bars i), retain said shelves in this position under a moderate strain or weight. It will be observed by referring to Figs. 3 and 4E that when said shelves are in their retracted position the legs 11 are folded longitudinally beneath the lower shelf and are retained in such position by the engagement with their free ends of the hooked portions 13 of the retaining-iron 12. Now when the shelves are projected to the position shown in Figs. 1 and 2 and it is desired to ntilize the legs 11 as supports therefor it is only necessary to turn the retaining-iron 12 on its central pivot far enough to disengage the hooks 13 thereof from the legs, whereupon the latter will drop to the position shown in Figs. 1 and 2, t-hus affording a iirm support for the shelves in this position. A further function of the retaining-iron 12 is performed when the legs 11 are in this position by again moving said iron 12 on its pivot until the outer sides of the hooks 13 thereof engage against the adjacent sides of the legs 11, whereby the latter will be positively retained in their open position. Should additional support for the shelves in this position be desired, the same may be afforded by bringing the doors 2 to the position shown in Fig. 3, in which event the studs 14 on said doors will come beneath the outer shelf 3, thus adding the support of said doors, and in order to retain said doors in this position vthe bolts 15 may be dropped to their lowermost position and jammed into engagement with the iioor by turning the pins 16 thereon into engagement with the lowermost notches 17 in their casings.
It will thus be observed that three different forms of support are afforded for the shelves 3 when in their projected position, each independent of the other, but all capable of cooperating when desired.
lVhile I have shown and described but two shelves 3, it will be understood that I do not limit myself to this number, as the same may be increased, if desired, without affecting the operation of the device. So, also, I do not wish to be understood as limiting myself to the use of the structure in kitchen-cabinets, as the same may be applied to any form of cabinet or to bookcases and other articles of furniture.
Having thus described my invention,what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1. In a cabinet, a series of shelves, means for movably connecting said shelves to each other and to the cabinet whereby said shelves may assume a retracted position within the cabinet one above the other and all lying in a horizontal plane and a projected position outside the cabinet and in the same horizontal plane, legs movably connected to4 one of said shelves, and means for retaining said legs folded against said shelf and for releasing the same to permit them to drop into contact with the floor when said shelves are in their projected position, substantially as set forth.
2. In a cabinet, a series of shelves, means for movably connecting said shelves to each other and to the cabinet whereby said shelves may assume a retracted position within the cabinet one above the other and all lying in a horizontal plane and a projected position outside the cabinet and in the same horizontal plane, doors adapted to close that portion of the cabinet containing the shelves when retracted, studs on said doors adapted to project beneath and support said shelves when projected, and means for retaining said doors in proper position to support said shelves when projected, substantially as set forth.
3. The combination with a shelf or leaf, and legs hinged to the under side of said shelf or leaf and adapted to be folded side by side beneath the same, of a retaining-iron pivoted centrally of its length on the under side of said shelf or leaf and formed at its ends into hooks oppositely disposed and at-substantially right angles to the axis of the said iron and adapted to be engaged with the free ends of said legs to retain them in their folded position and to directly engage with the sides of said legs when unfolded to retain them in their unfolded position, substantially as set forth.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
TETES SHOUE, JOHN M. CALKINs.