United States Patent   Patent Number: 5,092,332
Lee et al.  Date of Patent: Mar. 3, 1992
 STEROID ELUTING CUFF ELECTRODE
FOR PERIPHERAL NERVE STIMULATION
 Inventors: Philip Lee, Woodbury; Kenneth
Stokes, Brooklyn Park; James Gates,
Maple Grove; Gary Johnson,
Ramsey, all of Minn.
 Assignee: Medtronic, Inc., Minneapolis, Minn.
 Appl. No.: 483,455
 Filed: Feh. 22, 1990
 Int. C1.5 A6IB 5/04; A61N 1/05
 U.S. CI 128/642; 128/784;
 Field of Search 128/784-786,
128/419 P, 419 C, 642, 50
 References Cited
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS
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4,341,221 7/1982 Testerman .
4,506,680 3/1985 Stokes .
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4,602,624 7/1986 Naples et al. 128/784
An improved electrode for establishing electrical contact with a nerve of a patient. This electrical contact may be used to sense neural activity on the nerve or to artificially stimulate it to perform various medical treatments. The electrode has an outer cuff of an insulating material which is sutured around the nerve to be contacted. A drug impregnated layer of material is positioned inside of the outer cuff. This material is a polymeric matrix which permits the drug to leach out at a predetermined rate. The drug is a steroid such as dexamethasone sodium phosphate. The actual electrical contact is produced by metallic foil which is positioned on the surface of the drug impregnated layer of material which is located inside of the cuff. An insulated lead electrically couples the metallic foil to an electronic circuit located remote from the nerve. The leaching out of the drug serves to control irritation, swelling, and impedance of the nerve/electrode interface.
8 Claims, 4 Drawing Sheets