relevance of the Doppler gradient, utility of flow augmentation, and limitations of orifice area estimation.
PD Stein et al., Circulation Research, vol. 39, 5 8-65, 1976 by American Heart Association. Turbulent blood flow in the ascending aorta of humans with normal and diseased aortic valves.
Weyman AB et al., Rev Cardiovasc Med. 2005;6(1)23-32. Aortic Stenosis: Physics and PhysiologyiWhat Do the Numbers Really Mean?
Deac RF et al., Ann Thorac Surg. Aug. 1995;60(2 Suppl):S433-8. New evolution in mitral physiology and surgery: mitral stentless pericardial valve.
Heinrich RS et al., J Heart Valve Dis. Sep. 1999;8(5):509-15. Valve orifice area alone is an insufficient index of aortic stenosis severity: effects of the proximal and distal geometry on transaortic energy loss. (an abstract).
U.S. Appl. No. 60/845,728.
U.S. Appl. No. 12/250,163, filed Oct. 13,2008.
U.S. Appl. No. 61/192,199, filed Sep. 15 2008.
U.S. Appl. No. 12/253,858, filed Oct. 17,2008.
U.S. Appl. No. 12/596,343, filed Apr. 14,2008.
U.S. Appl. No. 61/129,170, filed Jun. 9, 2008.
U.S. Appl. No. 12/580,662, filed Oct. 16,2009.
U.S. Appl. No. 12/580,642, filed Oct. 16,2009.
Nietlispach, et al., “Current Balloon-Expandable Transcatheter Heart Valve and Delivery Systems,” Catheterization and Cardiovascular interventions, 2009, 1-6.
Andersen, H.R. et al, “Transluminal implantation of artificial heart valves. Description of a new expandable aortic valve and initial results with implantation by catheter technique in closed chest pigs.” Euro. Heart J. (1992) 13:704-708.
Babaliaros, et al., “State of the Art Percutaneous Intervention for the Treatment of Valvular Heart Disease: A Review of the Current Technologies and Ongoing Research in the Field of Percutaneous Heart Valve Replacement and Repair,” Cardiology 2007; 107:87-96. Bailey, “Percutaneous Expandable Prosthetic Valves,” In: Topol EJ, ed. Textbook of Interventional Cardiology. vol. II. Second edition. WB Saunders, Philadelphia, 1994:1268-1276.
Block, et al., “Percutaneous Approaches to Valvular Heart Disease,”
Current Cardiology Reports, vol. 7 (2005) pp. 108-113.
Bonhoeffer, et al, “Percutaneous Insertion of the Pulmonary Valve,”
Journal of the American College of Cardiology (United States), May
15, 2002, pp. 1664-1669.
Bonhoeffer, et al, “Percutaneous Replacement of PulmonaryValve in
a Right-Ventricle to Pulmonary-Artery Prosthetic Conduit with Valve
Dysfunction,” Lancet (England), Oct. 21, 2000, pp. 1403-1405.
Bonhoeffer, et al, “Transcatheter Implantation of a Bovine Valve in
Pulmonary Position: A Lamb Study,” Circulation (United States),
Aug. 15, 2000, pp. 813-816.
Boudjemline, et al, “Percutaneous Aortic Valve Replacement: Will We Get There?” Heart (British Cardiac Society) (England), Dec. 2001, pp. 705-706.
Boudjemline, et al, “Percutaneous Implantation of a Valve in the Descending Aorta in Lambs,” European Heart Journal (England), Jul. 2002, pp. 1045-1049.
Boudj emline, et al, “Percutaneous Pulmonary Valve Replacement in a Large Right Ventricular Outflow Tract: An Experimental Study,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology (United States), Mar. 17, 2004, pp. 1082-1087.
Boudjemline, et al, “Percutaneous Valve Insertion: A New Approach,” Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery (United States), Mar. 2003, pp. 741-742.
Boudjemline, et al, “Stent Implantation Combined with a Valve Replacement to Treat Degenerated Right Ventricle to Pulmonary Artery Prosthetic Conduits,” European Heart Journal Sep. 22, 2001, p. 355.
Boudjemline, et al, “Steps Toward Percutaneous Aortic Valve Replacement,” Circulation (United States), Feb. 12, 2002, pp. 775778.
Boudjemline, et al, “The Percutaneous Implantable Heart Valve,” Progress in Pediatric Cardiology (Ireland), 2001, pp. 89-93. Boudjemline, et al, “Transcatheter Reconstruction of the Right Heart,” Cardiology in the Young (England), Jun. 2003, pp. 308-311.
Cribier, A. et al, “Percutaneous Transcatheter Implantation of an Aortic Valve Prosthesis for Calcific Aortic Stenosis: First Human Case Description,” Circulation (2002) 3006-3008.