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  1. Erweiterte Patentsuche
VeröffentlichungsnummerCN1163404 A
PublikationstypAnmeldung
AnmeldenummerCN 96104705
Veröffentlichungsdatum29. Okt. 1997
Eingetragen19. Apr. 1996
Prioritätsdatum19. Apr. 1996
Veröffentlichungsnummer96104705.4, CN 1163404 A, CN 1163404A, CN 96104705, CN-A-1163404, CN1163404 A, CN1163404A, CN96104705, CN96104705.4
Erfinder黄金富
Antragsteller黄金富
Zitat exportierenBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Externe Links:  SIPO, Espacenet
Controlled electric power metering system and device
CN 1163404 A
Zusammenfassung
The wired or wireless remote controlled sectionally charging electric power charging system is used for charging normally or at a discount for different time sections. The system includes control signal generating and emitting device, control unit increased in electric meter, which receives control signal and changes the resistance in resistor set and thus the control loop parameter, so that the rotation speed of turn plate expresses the discount in electric charge and the counter in electric meter displays the charge to be paid.
Ansprüche(6)  übersetzt aus folgender Sprache: Chinesisch
1.一种无线遥控分段计费电费收费系统,包括有:无线控制信号发射装置,用于发射无线控制信号,电度表,安装在用户处,对用户的总用电量进行计量,包括有:机电传动装置,电磁铁、线圈、转盘等组成,用于将用户的用电量用机电传动方式传给计数器进行反应和表现,计数器,被机电传动装置所带动,用于显示计费电量,特别是,电度表还包括有:控制单元,由电子开关和电阻组构成,连接在电度表的控制电路中,用于接收控制信号发射装置发出的无线控制信号,并根据控制信号的指令,使控制电路接入电阻组中不同的电阻,使机电传动装置产生不同的转速,从而使计数器反应不同的显示。 A wireless remote control segment billing electricity charging system, comprising: a wireless control signal transmission means for transmitting a wireless control signal, power meter, installed at the user, the user's total electricity consumption metering, including They are: electromechanical actuator, solenoid coil, turntable and other components, for the user's electricity consumption by electric drive mode pass counter reaction and performance, counters, electromechanical actuator is driven for displaying the charging power in particular, the meter further comprising: a control unit from the group consisting of electronic switches and resistors connected between the meter control circuit for radio-emitting device emits a control signal reception control, and in accordance with the control signal command, the control circuit turns on the resistance groups in different resistance, so that mechanical and electrical transmission means for generating different speeds, so that different display counter reaction.
2.如权利要求1所述,其控制单元的电子开关包括有:信号接收电路,用于接收无线遥控指令信号,解码电路,用于对从信号接收电路传入的指令信号进行解码,CPU,用于对传入的指令信号进行信号处理,并对电子开关各部分按预定程序进行控制,存贮器,用于对该电子开关的地址码进行存贮,选择电路,用于按照CPU的指令,使控制电路接入电阻组中不同的电阻。 2. as claimed in claim 1, in which the control unit an electronic switch comprising: a signal receiving circuit for receiving a wireless remote control command signal, a decoding circuit, for receiving the signal from the circuit for decoding the incoming command signal, CPU, command for the incoming signal is processed, and the various parts of electronic switches controlled by a predetermined program, a memory for the electronic switch address code memory, the selection circuit, in accordance with the instructions for the CPU , the control circuit turns on the resistance groups in different resistance.
3.如权利要求1所述的控制信号发射装置可以是无线寻呼信号发射台站,其控制单元的电子开关可以是无线寻呼机改装而成。 Control signal transmitting apparatus according to claim may be a wireless station transmitting a paging signal, the control unit of the electronic switch which can be converted from the radio pager.
4.如权利要求1所述的控制单元的电阻组由数个不同电阻值的电阻组成。 The control unit of the resistance group according to claim 4 by a number of different resistance values of the resistance components.
5.一种有线遥控分段计费电费收费系统,包括有控制信号发生器,用于产生和发出有线控制信号,信号变换和注入单元,用于将有线控制信号输入到电源主线之中,电度表,安装在用户处,对用户的总用电量进行计量,电度表包括有:机电传动装置,将用户的用电量用机电传动方式进行反应和表现,计数器,被机电传动装置所带动,用于显示计费电量,特别是,电度表还包括有:控制单元,由电动开关和电阻组构成,连接在电度表的控制电路中,用于接收控制信号发生器发出的有线控制信号,并根据控制信号的指令,使控制电路接入电阻组中不同的电阻,使机电传动装置产生不同的转速。 A wired remote sub-billing electricity fee system, including a control signal generator for generating a control signal is sent and cable, signal conversion and injection unit for control signal input to the power cable into the main line, electrical degree table, mounted on the user, the user's total electricity consumption metering, meter comprising: electromechanical transmission device, the user's electricity consumption by electric drive mode and the performance of the reaction, the counter is electromechanical transmission device drive, accounting for displaying power, especially, power meter further comprising: receiving a control signal generator be wired control unit, the electric switch and resistor group consisting of connected meter control circuit for control signals and control signals in accordance with the instruction, the control circuit turns on the resistance groups in different resistance, so that mechanical and electrical transmission means for generating different speeds.
6.如权利要求5所述,其控制单元的电动开关包括有:信号接收与处理电路,对控制信号进行接收和信号处理,输出控制信号,使执行电路按指令动作,执行电路,按照信号接收与处理电路的指令,接通电阻组中的电阻。 6. claimed in claim 5, which controls the electric switch unit comprising: signal receiving and processing circuit, the control signal reception and signal processing, the output control signal to the implementation of the circuit according to the operation instruction, execution circuit, in accordance with the signal reception and command processing circuit, on-resistance of the resistance group.
Beschreibung  übersetzt aus folgender Sprache: Chinesisch
受控电力计量系统和装置 Controlled power metering systems and installations

本发明主要涉及电力计量系统和装置,特别是涉及能被有线或无线控制信号遥控变速的电力计量系统及其电度表。 The present invention relates generally to power metering systems and devices, and in particular can be wired or wireless remote control signal shift of power metering systems and meter.

在发电和用电方面,目前的状况是,白天工厂开工,机关办公,商店开门,电车、地下铁等都在使用电力,需要电能。 In the power generation and electricity, the current situation is that during the day the factory started, office work, store opened, trams, subway and so the use of power, need electricity. 傍晚时,人们下班,回家做饭,看电视,洗衣服,熨衣服等等,用电达到高峰。 When the evening, people from work, home cooking, watching TV, laundry, ironing and so on, the electricity peak. 发电厂负荷达百分之百,发电量还不够用,只好拉闸限电,强迫某些地方几个小时无电力供应,待用电高峰过后电力可以够分配时,再合闸送电。 Power negative Heda hundred percent, electricity is not enough, and had power cuts, forcing some places a few hours without electricity supply until after the peak power may be enough time allocated, then switch on power transmission. 可是,到了深夜,尤其是半夜两点到凌晨六点左右,人们都在家中休息睡觉,用电量大幅度减少。 However, to the middle of the night, especially around midnight two to six o'clock, people are resting at home sleeping, significantly reduce electricity consumption. 发电厂发出的电力不能贮存,只好减少发电,影响了发电厂的经济效益。 Power plants can not be stored issued, it had to reduce power generation, affecting the economic power plant. 为什么人们不在深夜时,能有充足电力供应时,使用电力呢? Why people are not late at night, to have adequate power supply, use the power it? 除了生活工作习惯外,还有一个重要的经济因素,即,不管人们何时用电,电费的标准是一样的。 In addition to the life and work habits, there is an important economic factor, that is, whenever people of electricity, electricity standard is the same. 这种做法不利于发电厂提高设备的利用率,不利于提高发电厂的经济效益。 This approach is not conducive to improve the utilization of power plant equipment, is not conducive to economic efficiency power plants. 如果能够采用在不同的时间段采用不同的收费标准的话,有些用电户从经济上考虑,会把用电时间调整到电费较低的时间段去用电。 If you can use in different time periods with different charges, then some electricity customers from the economic considerations, will adjust to a lower electricity tariff time period to electricity. 例如采用平日早8点至晚上11点是每度电费1元,而晚11点到凌晨2点是每度电0.6元,凌晨2点至凌晨6点是每度0.3元,凌晨6点至早8点是每度0.6元,星期日等节假日早8点至晚上11点也是每度0.6电元,这样,有些用户就会选择电费低时用电,于是就会使用户将用电时间分散,使发电厂提高效益。 For example the use of on weekdays from 8:00 am to 23:00 is 1 yuan per kilowatt of electricity, while the night 11:00 to 2:00 is 0.6 yuan per kilowatt, 2:00 to 6:00 is 0.3 yuan per kilowatt, 6:00 to early 8:00 is 0.6 yuan per kilowatt, Sundays and other holidays from 8:00 am to 23:00 electricity is 0.6 yuan per kilowatt, so some users will choose the electricity tariff is low, so it will make the user will disperse power of time, so power plant to improve efficiency. 正如各国的电话公司早已采取了这种计费办法,提高设备利用的经济效益。 As countries have already adopted this telephone company billing methods, improve equipment utilization and economic benefits.

可是,目前的电力计费系统和相应的电度表的构造是单一的根据用电数量的多少来转动和显示用电量的,采用这种系统和电度表无法实现不同时间不同电费的计量。 However, the current electricity billing system and the corresponding meter's structure is based on how much electricity a single number to rotate and display the power consumption, the use of such systems and meter measurement can not be achieved at different times in different electricity . 因此,一种能够实现不同时间不同计费的系统和电度表,就是十分需要的了。 Thus, one can be achieved at different times in different billing systems and meter, is the very need.

因此,本发明的目的在于,发明一种或几种系统及相应的电度表,在该系统中,通过有线或无线的遥控装置发出遥控信号,使相应的受遥控的电度表根据指令在不同的时间阶段,体现不同的计费标准。 Accordingly, the present invention is the invention of one or more systems and the corresponding meter, in this system, the remote control signal emitted by a wired or wireless remote control device, so that the corresponding meter by remote control in accordance with the instruction different time periods, reflecting the different accounting standards.

为了实现发明目的,如果采用在电度表上增加相应的时间——用电记录装置,用电后再将用电量和相应的使用时间还要再进行打印、计算等,会使电度表的结构大为复杂,并不合算。 In order to achieve the object of the invention, if a corresponding increase in time on the meter - electrical recording device after the power consumption and the corresponding time they would go to print, the calculation will lead to the meter The structure greatly complicated and uneconomical. 由于用户方面的电度表实际上只是用于电力公司向用户收费的用途,不必关心实际用电量详情,而发电量方面发电厂有记录,用户不必关心。 Because the user is actually just aspects of the meter for the power company to charge users use, do not care about details of actual consumption, while generating capacity power plant records, the user need not be concerned. 所以,本发明采用增设控制信号产生和传输装置发出控制信号,改造电度表为受控制信号控制转动情况的电度表,遥控控制电度表转动计量的中间过程,使电度表的显示已体现了用户的用电折扣电费优惠,办法是,利用在原来电度表构造的基础上,增加可改变电表转速的控制单元,控制单元能改变控制电流或控制电压来对电表的计量进行控制。 Therefore, the present invention uses an additional control signal generation and transmission means send control signals, the transformation of the meter is controlled by the rotation of the control signal of the meter, remote control meter intermediate rotating metering process, so that the meter is displayed reflects the user's electricity tariff discount promotions, approach is to use in the original construction of the meter, the meter can be changed to increase the speed of the control unit, the control unit can change the control current or a control voltage to control the meter to measure. 控制单元中有电子开关,控制有几个不同电阻值的电阻组件,控制单元的电子开关接入不同值的电阻时,能使电度表的旋转计量部分产生不同的转速,从而使电度表体现了折扣电费优惠。 When the control unit has an electronic switch, which controls the resistor assembly several different resistance values, the control unit of the electronic switch turns on the resistance of different values, enabling the measurement of the rotation meter section generates different speeds, so that the meter reflecting the discount tariff concessions. 电子开关受无线电控制信号控制或有线控制信号控制,例如受无线寻呼台无线控制或发电厂控制台有线控制,在预定的不同的折扣时刻,发出不同的无线或有线电讯控制指令信号,使使用中的电度表产生不同的转速,实现不同时间不同标准计费。 Electronic switch radio control signal or control signal by cable, such as by radio paging wireless control or wired control console power plant, at a predetermined time different discounts, make different wireless or wired telecommunications control command signal to the use of meter to produce different speeds to achieve different times different accounting standards.

图1是本发明无线遥控电力分段计费收费系统和装置说明图, Figure 1 is a wireless remote control power segment of the present invention toll billing systems and installations illustrating,

图2是图1中的电子开关结构方框说明图,图3是图1中的电阻组的构造说明图,图4是图1中电度表的一实施例,其中,图4a是电动式电度表结构立体说明图,图4b是电动式电度表线路图,图5是图1中电度表的另一实施例,是感应式电度表的结构和线路说明图,图6是本发明有线遥控电力分段计费收费系统和装置说明图,图7是图6中电动开关结构的方框说明图。 Figure 2 is a block in the structure of the electronic switch, and Fig. 3 is a configuration diagram illustrating the resistance group in Figure 1, and Figure 4 is a diagram of one embodiment of a meter, in which the electric 4a is meter three-dimensional structure, and Fig. 4b is an electric meter circuit diagram, Figure 5 is yet another embodiment of the meter of FIG. 1 is a circuit diagram illustrating the structure and induction meter, and Figure 6 is The present invention is a wired remote power segment charge billing systems and devices, and Fig. 7 Fig. 6 is a block diagram illustrating the structure of an electric switch.

下面结合附图,对本发明作进一步详细说明。 Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, the present invention will be described in further detail.

参阅图1,图1是采用无线遥控方式进行电力分段计费的系统和装置的说明图。 Referring to Figure 1, Figure 1 is a diagram illustrating the way wireless remote control power segment accounting systems and devices. 图中的左侧是无线控制信号发射装置,右侧画出了电度表,电度表的电力进线和电力出线及电表用户。 The left side of the figure is a wireless control signal transmitting means, right side depicts the meter, electric meter into the line and the power outlet and meter users. 无线控制信号发射装置包括了各种的各频段的无线控制信号发射装置,模似信号的,数字信号的,都可以采用,工业上有各种各样的无线电控制信号产生和发射设备,可选择采用,根据信号复盖范围,信号强度等选择采用。 Wireless control signal transmitting means comprises a respective band wireless control signal transmission means a variety of analogue signals, digital signals may be employed, have a variety of radio control signal generation and transmission equipment in the industry, you can choose It uses, the coverage signal, selected according to the use of the signal strength. 由于无线寻呼系统也是一种无线电信号寻呼信号作为控制信号,无线寻呼台站可作为本发明系统中的无线遥控信号发射装置。 Because the wireless paging system is also a radio signal a paging signal as a control signal, wireless paging stations can be used in the present invention, a wireless remote control system, signal transmission devices.

图1中的右侧是电度表,每个电度表有4根引线,两根接电力进线,两根接电表用户的各种用电装置和器具。 Figure 1 is a right side meter, each meter has four leads, two access electricity into the line, then the two meter users of various electrical devices and appliances. 通常的电度表也都包括有机电传动装置,由电磁铁、线圈、转盘等缚成,用于将用户的用电量用机电传动方式传给计数器进行反应和表现,计数器被机电传动装置所带动,用于显示计费电量,电度表安装在用户处,对用户的总用电费用进行计量。 Typically the meter also includes mechanical and electrical transmission equipment, by the electromagnet coil, turntable tied into, for the user's electricity consumption by electric drive mode pass counter reaction and performance, the counter is electromechanical transmission device drive for displaying charging power, the meter is installed at the user, the user's total cost of electricity metering. 通常控制转盘转速的是采用电阻或电感线圈,因此,本发明的系统中相应的电度表采用了增设控制单元,控制单元由电子开关和电阻组构成,连接在电度表的控制电路中,用于接收控制信号发射装置发出的无线控制信号,并根据控制信号的指令,使控制电路接入电阻组中不同的电阻,使机电传动装置产生不同的转速,从而使计数器反应不同的显示。 Usually control the rotary speed is the use of resistive or inductive coil, therefore, the system of the present invention uses a meter corresponding additional control unit, control unit consists of electronic switches and resistors for connecting the control circuit in the meter, Wireless control signal transmitting means to receive the control signal sent to, and in accordance with the instruction of the control signal, the control circuit turns on the resistance groups in different resistance, so that mechanical and electrical transmission means for generating different speeds, so that different display counter reaction. 图1中的电度表中的方框图结构,反映了上述的说明。 Figure 1 meter in the block diagram, reflecting the above description.

图1中控制单元的电子开关是一个接收指定无线控制信号并能按控制信号的指令进行动作的部件,能够实现这种功能的部件有很多。 Figure 1 electronic switch control unit is a receiving wireless control signals specified and according to the instruction of the control signal operates the components to achieve this function components are many.

图2给出了图1的控制单元的电子开关的一种结构方框图,它能实现图1所示系统中所示技术性能。 Figure 2 shows a block diagram of a configuration of an electronic switch of the control unit, it can achieve the technical performance of the system shown in Figure 1. 参阅图2,电子开关包括有信号接收电路,解码电路,中央处理器CPU,存贮器,选择电路,各电路与CPU联接,其中,信号接收电路用于接收无线遥控指令信号,并把接收到的遥控指令信号放大并传输到解码电路,解码电路对从信号接收电路传入的指令信号进行解码,然后传给中央处理器CPU,CPU对于传入的解码后的指令信号进行信号处理,并对电子开关各部分按预定程序进行控制,存贮器与CPU联接,存贮器中至少存贮有该电子开关的地址码,选择电路与CPU联接,选择电路按照CPU的指令,使控制电路接入电阻组中不同的电阻。 Referring to Figure 2, the electronic switch comprises a signal receiving circuit, a decoding circuit, a central processing unit CPU, a memory, a selection circuit, each circuit connected with the CPU, wherein the signal receiving circuit for receiving a wireless remote control instruction signal, and the received The remote commander signal is amplified and transmitted to the decoding circuit, the decoding circuit of the signal receiving circuit from the incoming instruction signal is decoded, and then passed to a central processing unit CPU, CPU for incoming decoded signal processing instruction signal, and Each part of the electronic switch is controlled by a predetermined program, memory and CPU connection, at least stored in the memory of the electronic switch address code selection circuit is coupled with the CPU selection circuit according to the CPU's instruction, the control circuit access Resistance groups in different resistance.

图2所示的电子开关的结构与无线寻呼接收机结构类似,可由无线寻呼接收机改装而成,主要是在寻呼机的基础上,去掉一些不需要的声响提示等功能的部件,增加一执行输出指令的选择电路。 Similar structures and radio paging receiver structure of the electronic switch shown in Figure 2, by a wireless paging receiver refitted, mainly on the basis of a pager, remove unwanted features such as audible alert members to increase a output instruction execution selection circuit.

参阅图3,图3是图1中控制单元的电阻组的构成一例。 Referring to Figure 3, Figure 3 is a diagram showing an example of a control unit of the resistance group. 图中所示的电阻组由4个电阻及滑道和滑臂构成,滑臂在滑道上滑动,而滑臂受选择电路所控制,以接通不同的电阻值。 Resistance group shown in Figure 4 by the slide and slip resistance and arm configuration, the wiper slides on the slide, and the slide arm is controlled by the selection circuit to turn on the different resistance values. 图3所示的只是一种例子,类似的电阻组的例子还可以有很多。 FIG. 3 is just an example, similar examples resistance group also can be a lot.

参阅图4,图4是图1中电度表的一个实施例,图4a是电动式电度表结构立体说明图,图4b是电动式电度表线路图。 Referring to Figure 4, Figure 4 is an embodiment of FIG. 1 meter example, Figure 4a is a perspective view of an electric meter structure, and Fig. 4b is a circuit diagram of the electric meter. 图4a中铝制转盘上具有三个扁平的线圈作为电枢,三线圈的电枢置于一永久磁铁的磁场之间,其电流由分成三部之集极保持,此集极对准其电流方向,使电枢旋转不停,与电枢同轴的轴上的螺纹带动计数器上的齿轮转动,使计数器计数。 Coil with three flat upper figure 4a aluminum turntable as an armature, three armature coil placed in a magnetic field between the permanent magnet, which is held by the current probe into a set of three, this alignment of its current collector direction, the armature revolves, rotation of the gear shaft of the armature coaxial screw drive on the counter, so the counter. 图4b上所示为线路圈,流经线圈的电流由电子开关和电阻组分流,改变电阻组中的电阻,使分流电路电流改变,使控制电路号数改变从而使电枢两端电压改变,电流改变,因而使得电枢铝盘转速改变,从而使计数器显示改变。 Figure 4b shows a line ring, current flows through the coil of the electronic switches and resistors for shunt, changing the resistance group of resistance, so that shunt current changes, the number of the control circuit so that the numbers change to change the voltage across the armature, current changes, thus making aluminum armature disk rotation speed change, so that the counter display changes. 当电子开关接到指令信号时,使电阻组中选择某一电阻接通,从而使铝盘转速在使用中改变,使计数器按该时间段所定是否有无折扣电费进行显示。 When the electronic switch receiving the command signal, the resistance group, choose a resistor is switched on, so that the aluminum pan speed changes in the use of the counter by the predetermined time period is whether the discount tariff for display.

图5是图1中的电度表的另一实施例,是感应式电度表的结构和线路说明图,图5中并无图4a中所示的整流子装置,其构造有两个电磁铁,其一线圈通使用电流,另一线圈通使用的电压,经两线圈产生磁力线,由于磁场在通电使用时周期的不同,产生了移动式磁场,而在铝制的电枢转盘上产生感应涡流,使转盘在运动电场的运动方向上旋转,由于控制单元中电子开关和电阻组在收到不同的遥控指令信号时,使电压线圈支路中接入不同的电阻值,使控制电路的电流、电压、磁场等发生变化,从而使铝盘按预定的转动规则旋转,即,电费无折扣时应转得快,电费有折扣时应按折扣电费比例调慢转速,从而使计数器直接显示用户应交纳的电费数字情况。 Figure 1. Figure 5 is another embodiment of the meter, a circuit diagram illustrating the structure and induction meter, the commutator means not shown in Figure 4a Figure 5, which is configured with two electromagnetic iron, one using a current through the coil, the other coil through the use of voltage, magnetic field lines generated by the two coils, the magnetic field due to the different periods of use when energized, produces a magnetic field of mobile, generates the induced armature aluminum turntable vortex, so that the turntable is rotated in the movement direction of the electric field, the control unit in the electronic switch and resistance groups received different remote control instruction signal, so that the different resistance values voltage coils branch access, so that the current control circuit , voltage, magnetic field changes, so that the aluminum plate is rotated in a predetermined rotation rule, namely, electricity no discount should turn faster, discount should slow the speed ratio when electricity tariff discounts, so that the user should be displayed directly counter pay electricity digital situation.

图4和图5只是给出了一种用控制单元控制电子开关接入电阻组中不同电阻的方式来实现图1中所要实现的目的,而实际上,还可以采用控制和改变传动机构的方式来实现发明目的,在转盘所带的主传动轴和计数器之间,再增加计费控制机构,通过遥控计费控制机构使计数器体现和显示折扣计费,也是可行的办法。 Figures 4 and 5 only presents a control unit controls the electronic switch turns on the resistance groups in different ways to achieve the purpose of the resistor in Figure 1 to be achieved, in fact, may also be used to control and change the way the transmission mechanism to achieve the object of the invention, between the wheel carried by the main shaft and a counter, and then add the charge control mechanism by remote control means billing counter embody and display discount billing, are also viable options.

参阅图6,图6是本发明有线遥控电力分段计费收费系统和装置说明图,图1是无线遥控方式,图6是有线遥控方式,都是为了实现同一发明目的。 Referring to Figure 6, which illustrates the present invention is a wired remote power segment charge billing systems and devices, and Fig. 1 is a wireless remote control mode, Figure 6 is a wired remote control mode, is to achieve the object of the same invention. 控制信号可以利用电力线来传送,例如煤矿中使用的工频载波控制信号等等,也有多种脉冲数字信号的控制信号传送方式。 The control signal can be used to transmit the power line, e.g., for use in coal mines frequency carrier control signals, etc., there are a variety of pulse control signal transmission method for a digital signal. 例如在电力公司或发电厂,设置控制信号发生器,如图6左上方所示,用于产生和发出有线控制信号,按电力分段计费时刻,发出不同的控制信号,发出的信号为了进入电源主线及动力线,可加设信号变换和注入单元,用于将有线控制信号输入到电源主线之中,它应当包括有隔直电容器,用以隔离开直流电流,或是由电阻电感电容及IC等组成的信号变换和注入单元,用于使控制信号能穿过变压器和进入动力线等等,图中特用虚线加箭头表示在将信号注入到电源主线之中。 Signals such as power companies or power plants, set the control signal generator, as shown in the upper left in FIG. 6, for generating and wired control signal is issued, according to the power sub-billing time, issue different control signals, issued in order to enter main power supply and power lines, plus set up the signal conversion and injection unit for control signal input to the power cable into the main line, which should include blocking capacitor for isolated DC current, or by the resistance and inductance and capacitance IC and other signal conversion and injection units for the control signal can pass through the transformer and into the power lines, etc., in particular by a dotted line in FIG add arrows indicate the signal being injected into the main power supply. 图6的右方是电度表,电度表联接电源主线和用户,电度表安装在用户处,对用户的总用电费用进行计量,电度表包括有机电传动装置,用于将用户的用电量用机电传动方式进行反应和表现,包括有计数器,用于被机电传动装置所带动,用于显示计费电量,与图1的系统类似,电度表还特别地包括有控制单元,控制单元由电动开关和电阻组构成,控制单元同图1情况相同,都连接在电度表的控制电路中,用于接收控制信号发生器发出的有线控制信号,并根据控制信号的指令,使控制电路接入电阻组中不同的电阻,使机电传动装置产生不同的预期的转速。 Figure 6 is the right meter, power meter joins the main line and the user, the meter is installed at the user, the user's total cost of electricity metering, meter includes electromechanical drive means for the user with the power to react and behave, including mechanical and electrical transmission counter mode for electromechanical actuator is driven for displaying the billing of electricity, and the system is similar to Figure 1, the meter also includes a control unit in particular The control unit consists of an electric switch and resistor group, the control unit 1 with the same circumstances, are connected to the meter control circuit for receiving a control signal cable sent by the control signal generator, and according to the instructions of the control signal, the control circuit turns on the resistance groups in different resistance, so that mechanical and electrical transmission means for generating different expectations of speed.

控制单元的结构情况与图1中无线信号接收情况有不同,参阅图7,图7是图6中电动开关结构的方框说明图。 The structure of the control unit in the case of a radio signal receiving condition in Figure 1 have different, refer to FIG. 7, FIG. 7 is a block diagram of the electric switch 6 in the structure described in FIG. 图中画出了电动开关包括有信号接收与处理电路和执行电路,信号接收与处理电路接收有线控制信号并进行分析和处理,并通过执行电路输出执行控制指令。 Shown are the electric switch comprises a signal receiving and processing circuitry and execution circuitry, signal receiving and processing circuit receives the control signal cable and analysis and processing, and by performing circuit output execution control commands. 和图1、图4、图5等情况一样,利用控制信号改变电阻组中的电阻值,使控制电路参数改变,使带动计数器的转盘或齿轮等的转动情况改变,从而使计数器的显示,满足和符合正常与折扣计费的计费要求。 And Figs. 1, 4, 5, etc., as a control signal to change the resistance value of the resistance group, the control circuit parameter changes, so and so driven counter rotating wheel or gear changing circumstances, so that the counter display, meet and in line with normal and discounted billing billing requirements.

本发明的实施,将会很大地提高发电厂和电力公司的效益。 Embodiments of the present invention will greatly improve the efficiency of power plants and power companies.

Referenziert von
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Klassifizierungen
Internationale KlassifikationG01R11/57
Juristische Ereignisse
DatumCodeEreignisBeschreibung
29. Okt. 1997C06Publication
19. Jan. 2000C01Deemed withdrawal of patent application (patent law 1993)